Case system in the english grammar is used to express the relation of a noun or pronoun to the rest of the words in the sentence. Basically, there are six types of noun cases, but only relevant with the personal pronouns. And, for other nouns and pronouns, case system is replaced by the prepositions. Let’s see use and types of noun cases in details..
Definition and meaning of noun case
Noun case is a word used to express the relation of a noun with the other words in the given sentence. But, usually, it is relevant only with the personal pronouns in the sentence. For example :-
•He is a talented student.
•Teacher taught them a learning method.
•Students donated some money in charity.
In the first example, “He” personal pronoun is placed in the subjective case. whereas, in the second example, “them” is placed as an indirect object in the dative case.
And, in the third example, “some money” is placed in the objective case.
Types of noun cases
Basically, there are six types of noun cases. These are :–
•Case in apposition, and
When a noun or pronoun is placed as a subject in any sentence, then, that subject is recognized as a subjective case in relation to other words. For example :–
•He is a football player.
•David is a football player.
In the first example, “He” is placed as a subject of that sentence. And, in the second example, “David” is used for same role. Both the words are said to be in the subjective case.
Noun or pronoun function as a direct object in any sentence, is labeled as “objective case” in relation to the rest of the words.
•Nowadays, David is teaching his son regularly.
•So far, my father has warned him many times.
In both the sentences, “his son and him” are placed in the slot of object. So, both are in the objective case.
It happens only when there are two objects used in the same sentence. Indirect object in such sentence, is termed as a dative case.
•Harry gave me a pen yesterday.
•Nature gave us a chance to correct our mistakes.
“Me and us” are indirect objects in the dative case. Whereas, “a pen and a chance ” are in the objective case.
It is used to show the possession in the form of objects or relations belong to somebody. For example,
•My father — He criticized my father for no reason.
•My book– you know that it is my book.
•He claims that he has that sport bike, but I don’t think It is his.
Case in apposition
In this case, a word that is noun or pronoun follows another words describing the thing mentioned earlier in detailed manner, is said to be case in apposition. For example :–
•Maasai Mara, national park of Kenya, is my favorite place to stay.
•Ganga, a perennial river of India, emerges out Gangotri glacier.
•Cricket, a national game of England, is highly popular in the Asian nations.
It is used to address person or things like in the exclamatory sentences.
•Students ! keep silence.
•Don’t worry, boys.
In both examples, “students and boys” are in the Vocative case.