The basic form of adjectives used to describe quality of nouns are called positive degrees; whereas, the changed form of adjectives to compare two different nouns are labeled as comparative degree. And, when we compare the level of quality of more than two nouns, then, such thing is termed as superlative degree. Through this blog, “types of degrees in english grammar“ I am going to clarify the nature of degrees for better insight.
Meaning and definition of degree
Degree is a certain level of descriptive comparison of quality, nature, and characteristics of nouns. So, the level of compassion of quality of nouns may be basic or higher. In case of higher level of compassion, changed form of adjectives or adverbs are used; otherwise, basic form is preferred.
Meaning of positive degree
- t is a basic form of degree.
- It is also called non-comparative form.
- Adjectives or adverbs are used to describe positive, as well as negative qualities of nouns.
- It does not require to change the form of adjectives to formulate positive degree.
- When we change comparative or superlative degree into positive, then, it requires comparison.
Examples of positive degree adjectives
- Wise, Larg, Easy, Wealthy
- Small, Weak, strong, Rich
- Great, Clean, Big, useful
- Good, little
Use in the sentences without comparison
- Jonathan is a wise man.
- Himalaya is a large mountain.
- Running is an easy exercise.
- Coral polyps are small organism.
- Warren Buffet is wealthy man.
- Bio-fertilizer is good for foodgrains crops.
Meaning of comparative degree
- It is comparative or non-basic form of degree.
- It is used to compare between two nouns.
- Change in the adjective’s form is essential.
- When we compare a thing with it’s own class or group, “than” is placed before such thing or group in the sentence.
- Spelling rules are applicable when we change the form of adjectives.
Examples of comparative degree
- Wiser, Larger
- Easier, Wealthier — read spelling rules
- Smaller, Weaker, stronger, Richer
- Greater, Cleaner
- Bigger, Fatter — read spelling rules
- More useful, More beautiful
- Further, Better — irregular adjectives
- Later, Lesser — irregular adjectives
Use of comparative adjectives in the sentence
- Jonathan is a wiser than his brother.
- Himalaya is a larger than Alps mountain.
- Pacific Ocean is bigger than Atlantic.
- Warren Buffet is wealthier than other American.
- Bio-fertilizer is better than chemical.
Meaning of superlative degree
- It is the highest level of comparative forms.
- It is used to compare between more than two nouns.
- Change in the adjective’s form is essential to compare accordingly.
- Spelling rules are applicable to change the form of adjectives.
- “The” determinant is placed before superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs.
Examples of superlative degree
- Wisest, Largest
- Easiest, Wealthiest — read spelling rules
- Smallest, Weakest, strongest
- Richest, Greatest, Cleanest
- Biggest, Fattest — read spelling rules
- Most useful, Most beautiful
- Best, Worst — irregular adjectives
- Least, Most — irregular adjectives
Use of superlative degree in the sentence
- Socrates was the wisest man in the world.
- Himalaya is the largest mountain in the world.
- Pacific Ocean is the biggest ocean among all.
- Warren Buffet is the wealthiest investor in America.
This is all about the types of degrees in english grammar. In the next blog, I will deal with alternative changes in degrees.