There are various verbs which cannot make sense without transferring theirs actions on something or someone as an object. These verbs which need objects to transfer actions, are termed as transitive verbs. And, those verbs which do not require object to transfer actions known as intransitive verbs. In this post, you will learn about the meaning and use of transitive and intransitive verbs.
Meaning of transitive verbs
Here, the word transitive itself is self explanatory. Simply, it expresses the process of transiting something.
•He is a donor .
•He donates a blanket.
In the first example, there is no action verb but subject complement. Therefore, there is no question of transferring action.
But in the second example, ‘Donates’ is a action verb and it is transferring its action to –a blanket.
For clarity, if you raise the question-what? To action verb in the given sentence, you will get the correct answer.
In the third example, action verb ‘Plays’ is used, and here no need to use object to transfer action.
In a sentence whenever a action verb is taken, it is taken to show the action performed by the subject of that sentence.
•He offers a donation.
•She invites her friends.
And, sometimes, such action affects or transfer to someone or something to make complete sense. Such verbs is called “Transitive verbs”.
Some simple examples
•I am selling my house.
•They are purchasing a bike.
•He cheated his partner.
•She challenged her competator.
•She thanked her mother.
•Leader demands public support.
•Coach trained his players.
•He lifts a wooden door.
These are some useful examples of transitive action verbs.
Intransitive verbs meaning
The meaning of intransitive verb is totally opposite of the transitive verb.
•He plays in the ground .
•They run on the track.
•She danced in the competition.
When a action verb is taken to show the action performed by the subject without requiring to transfer its action to someone or something, such verb is called “Intransitive verb”.
In such cases, object isn’t required to form total meaning.
Some easy and useful examples
•Paul meditates daily.
•She practices regularly.
•Tony swims in the tank.
•River flows through deep valley.
•Winds have been blowing since last night.
•It is raining continuously.
•Child is jumping on the sofa.
Apart from this, there are certain verbs which function like transitive, as well as intransitive as per the situation. For now, this is enough to bring better clarity about the meaning and differences between transitive and intransitive verbs.