The magnitude of farmers suicide in India has already exposed the degree of fragility of agrarian community even in the age of diverse occupations and opportunities. As per the current situation, today, the state of Indian farmers is thinkable. Unfortunately, efforts claimed by government are yet to be reflected in the livelihood of farmers. In this post, “State of Indian farmers” you will know the reason why farmers are on the verge of crisis in India.
True state of Indian economy
At the present, India is the fifth largest economy in the world with two and half trillion dollars GDP. In the national GDP, the share of industrial sector is around 27 percent; whereas service sector contributes more than 55 percent. Surprisingly, the lifeline of more than 600 million people, agriculture contributes mere 12 percent.
At the time of independence, the situation was completely opposite. During that time, Indian agriculture was the mainstay of 200 millions when the share of agriculture in the GDP was around 54 percent.
This manifests that the number of people depend on agriculture has been increased more than three times in the last seven decades; but the percent in GDP has declined by more than four times.
Foodgrain production and productivity
As per the economic survey of India, foddgrain production has witnessed five times growth in the period of seven decades since independence. In the same period, the number were increased by around four times.
In 1950, it was around 380 millions. But today, it is more than 1200 millions. It indicates that the real annual growth is only 0.5 percent.
In addition, low productivity is attributed to the factors like land fragmentation, water scarcity, and subsistence farming. On the other hand, price crash, crop loss, and indebtedness are proved detrimental for the hope to come out of vicious cycle.
Partial structural change in the Indian economy
Successive governments failed to divert huge surplus labour force out of agriculture. Also, they didn’t think of any viable alternative for these people. Instead, with the help of certain incentives as a painkillers, these political elites convincingly neglected the genuine demand of agro-processing industries in the rural landscape. Hence, today in rural india, there is no desirable industrial base except certain co-operative unites for politics.
Voting behaviour in India
Indian politicians are so lucky that people of India never vote for employment and livelihood but for caste and religion. Therefore, there is no need for out of box solutions to liberate the people in difficulty.
This is one of reasons why politicians dare to neglect the need for a sustainable occupational alternative for unprofitable agriculture.
Truth of per capita income
According to the World Bank data, India’s per capita income is around 2036 dollars which is five times lower than the world average. World’s average per capita income is almost twelve thousands dollars. In terms of per capita income, India’s rank is 145th in the world.
Government claims that the per capita income in India has been increased by more than nine percent in the 2018. On the contrary, in the same period, the agricultural growth wasn’t more than 3 percent. It means that the income of non-agricultural activities witnessed growth of more than 10 percent. Obviously, it looks logically inconsistent. You know that this is not the case of single government to manipulate data to glorify achievements.
These are some reasons behind the plight of agrarian community in India. Needless to say that India is the largest democracy in the world.
However, democracy doesn’t mean that you will receive your rights automatically. These people need to participate actively in the democratic institutions of nation.
Mere voting on the basis of caste, religion, and emotional appeals will not solve problems. Only people in crisis can be the real saviours for themselves through the legitimate means. Otherwise, they would be the instruments of politics for others.