Simple past tense is used to describe the action occurred completely in the past with expression of time. In this type, described action always begin and completes in the past. Therefore, it is, sometimes, called a basic form of past tense for complete past actions.
Importance of time’s expressions or adverbial of time in simple past tense
To differentiate simple past from the present perfect tense, time’s expressions are highly essential. There are two types of time expressions — definite and indefinite time. Both are equally used to form simple past.
•We went for picnic yesterday.
•It rained heavyily at five o’clock.
•Last night, he completed his assignment.
•They invited you day before yesterday.
•A long time ago, we met in the book fair.
•They missed the train when I reached the station.
•I visited Tirupati temple when I was ten years old.
Simple past tense–to describe habitual action
We know that there are countless actions that we express daily as a part of habit. For this, simple past tense is the best way.
•It was my daily routine to go for swimming at six o’clock.
•People used to go for a walk every morning.
•She used to practice for singing everyday.
•Children always went to play in the garden after school.
For period of time
If the effect of action is beyond the point of time, in such situation, simple past tense is usually used to indicate action occurred in the period of time.
•Really surprisingly, he worked continuously for a decade without rest.
•He played for his country for five years.
•He represented India in the Asian games for ten years.
•As a teacher, he taught consistently for two decades.
•They helped me for many years.
Formulation of simple past tense
In order to make simple past tense, in the assertive sentence, second form of verb (regular or irregular verbs) is taken. But, in the negative, as well as interrogative sentences, ‘Did not’ and ‘Did’ is used.
Assertive sentences :– subject + verb’s second form + object or any complements.
•He + played + for his country when he was in twenties.
•His reforms + created + many opportunities in the last decade.
•They + invested + a lot of money in last month.
•She + gave + her first interview at the age of fifteen.
Negative sentences:- -subject + did + not + base form of verb + object or any complements.
•He + did + not + play + for his country when he was in twenties.
•She + did + not + give + her first interview at the age of fifteen.
Interrogative sentences:– inversion of subject means did replaces subject + subject + base form of verb + object or any complements + ?
•He practiced well to play football on last Sunday.
•He did not practice well to play football on last Sunday.
•Did he practice well to play football on last Sunday ?
•Did he not practice well to play football on last Sunday ?
Simple past tense with “Be” (was, were)
The formation of simple past tense with the form of “Be” like, was, were are very important to describe the state condition in the past time.
•He was so poor when he was child.
•They were absent in the last meeting.
•She was totally absent due to unexpected results in her latest exam.
•He wasn’t comfortable in his first interview in last week.
Now, it is understandable that learning about the simple past tense is really essential. It provides us required comfort for our day to day conversation in the various spheres of life..