It is well said that the language is the vehicle of communication of thoughts, ideas, etc. among the members of the society. Hence, the fate of this vehicle is largely depends on the proper formation of sentences. So, better the sentence formation processes, greater the quality of communication, knowledge diffusion, and so on.
Definition of sentence
Sentence is an orderly well arranged a definite set of words which used to convey or express complete sense or idea.
The nature of any sentence depends on the proper use of parts of speech to expand or elaborate it meaningly.
Parts of sentence
•Subject — simple subject, compound subject
•Predicate — simple predicate, compound predicate
Generally, these parts do not require in making of imperative sentences. Below are the examples of the sentences without subject.
“Open the door.”
In these examples, there is no room for subject. However, in the other general sentences, sentence is begun by subject and completed by predicate.
Examples of subjects and predicates in the sentences.
“The water flows.”
“I exercise regularly.”
In these sentences, simple subjects and predicates are used accordingly.
When the subject is begun with single subject ,we call it simple subject. But, in case of multiple subjects, it is called compound subject. For example:
“India and Australia singed a trade agreement in 2019.”
“Himalaya and Andes are fold mountains.”
“Ganga and Amazon are perennial rivers.”
In these examples, compound subject is used to begin the sentence.
Multiple predicates are used joining by conjunctions with single subject in the sentence.
“Tiger jumps and catches his pray.”
“Temperature rises in the summer and decrease in the winter season.”
Here, two predicates are used in the single sentence with single subject. And, it is called compound predicate. So, in this way, sentence formation processes consider the both simple and compound forms.
Apart from this, in a single sentence, more than one clause is used to convey the complete meaning of idea. Nevertheless, in the simple sentence, only independent clause is used.
A simple sentence can be expanded with additional information in the form of adjectives and adverbs as per the situation.
“Tiger is roaring.”
Nature of the tiger – how it looks like ?
“Furious tiger is roaring.”
“Angry tiger or disturbed tiger is roaring.”
Where is he roaring ?
“In the deep forest.”
“On the bank of river.”
“On the top of hill.”
“In the morning.”
“In the evening.”
By adding all these things, a sentence can be expanded meaningfully. Following types are designed on the basis of such expansion.
In the next blog, I will deal with these types in the detailed way.