Passive voice of Interrogative sentences

Basically, there are two types of voices in the English grammar like active and passive voice. In active voice, subject is the doer of the performed action. Whereas, in passive voice, subject remains unintentional doer. Herein, you will read about passive voice of interrogative sentences.

How to form passive voice of interrogative sentences?

Interrogative sentences are formed by following ways:

  1. With be verb form
  2. With do/does/did verbs
  3. With have/has/had 
  4. With modal verbs
  5. With wh question

1. Beginning with be verb forms (am/is/are/was/were)

Wherever an interrogative sentence in the active voice starts with “be form” such  as, is, are, was, were, etc. then, the passive voice can changed in following way.

Important rules of conversion.
  1. Active voice are changed according to the number, person of subjectand tense of the sentence.
  2. Auxiliary verbsare used according to the person or noun of the sentence.
Structure for passive voice:

Am/is/are/was/were + subject + V3 + by + agent 

 Examples:–

  • Is she invited my friends to this Christmas? (active voice)
  • Are my friends invited by her to this Christmas? (passive voice)
  • Am I made any mistake during the industrial visit? (active voice)
  • Was any mistake made by me during the industrial visit? (passive voice)

2. Passive voice of beginning with do/does/did Sentences

Important rules of conversion.
  1. Object of active voice that is subject of passive voice is taken after auxiliary verb.
  2. Always use the third form of verb (V3).
  3. Join agent of sentence using preposition “by” before it.
  4. When active voice starts with do/does/did then structure for passive voice should be as like this:
Structure for passive voice:

 Is/was/were + subject + V3 + by + agent

    Examples:

  • Does tropical cyclone affect the marine life? (active voice)
  • Is marine life affected by the tropical cyclone? (passive voice)
  • Did they enjoyed the party last night? (active voice)
  • Was the party enjoyed by them last night? (passive voice)

3. When interrogative sentences starts with Have/Has/Had:

Herein, we have to take “been” (past participle of be= V3 of be) as auxiliary verb before main verb (past participle= V3) of the sentence.

  • Structure for passive voice:

Have/has/had + subject +been + V3 + by + agent

Examples:

  • Had the typhoon engulfed entire coastal province last year? (active voice)
  • Had the entire coastal province been engulfed by the typhoon last year? (passive voice)
  • Has she joined us in our campaign? (active voice)
  • Have we been joined by her in our campaign? (passive voice)
  • Has she invited my friends to this Christmas? (active voice)
  • Have my friends been invited by her to this Christmas? (passive voice)

4. Passive voice of sentences beginning with modal auxiliary verbs:

Important rules of conversion.
  1. Model verbcannot be changed when it comes at the beginning of the interrogative sentence.
  2. Be is used right before the past participle in the sentence.
  • Structure for passive voice :

Can + subject + be + V3 + by + agent

 Examples:

  • Can she train students properly without experience? (active voice)
  • Can the students be trained properly by her without experience? (passive voice)
  • Could they accept my proposal easily? (active voice)
  • Could my proposal be accepted by them easily? (passive voice)

5. Interrogatives sentences starts with “Wh”:

Important rules of conversion.
  1. When interrogative sentences starts with “who”then passive voice always starts with “by whom”
  2. Remaining sentence of passive voice is written as it is  by using above rules of passive voice.
  • Structure for passive voice :

By whom + subject + be + V3

 Examples:

  • Who will take the responsibility of conservation of environment? (active voice)
  • By whom will the responsibility of conservation of environment be taken? (passive vice)
  • Who built this beautiful fort? (active voice)
  • By whom this beautiful fort was built? (passive vice)

6. Passive voice of interrogative begins with whom:

Important rules of conversion.
  1. Whom is converted into  As whom is objective case of who.
  2. Who becomes the subject of passive voice
Structure for passive voice :

Who + aux. verb (if any) +V3 + by +agent 

Examples:

  • Whom the president has appointed as secretary of the state? (active voice)
  • Who has been appointed as secretary of the state by the president?
  • Whom the Emperor declared as a real heir of the throne? (active voice)
  • Who was declared as a real heir of the throne by the Emperor?
  • Why has the authority given such useless instructions? (active voice)
  • Why have such useless instructions been given by the authority? (passive voice)

In this way, passive voice of interrogative sentences is completed..

Correct use of “but” and “yet”

Simple examples of degrees

Difference between noun and adjective clause