Passive voice of imperative sentences

Passive voice is functional construction in English grammar which emphsies on the importance of object or receiver. In case of imperative sentences, many times, sentences are without subject or even main verbs. So, in such situations, making passive of these sentences more difficult. In this blog, “Passive voice of imperative sentences” you will find some easy rules of their usages.

What are imperative sentences:

Generally, Imperative sentences are easy and quickly spoken mode of expressions in our day to day life. These types of constructions include expressions like command, order, suggestions, advice, requests etc.

Rules for making passive voice of imperative sentences

1. Begin sentence of passive voice with “Let”

(when AV includes feeling of command or order) OR
Make following changes according to the sense of the sentence if it includes……

Command -> you are commanded to

Order -> you are ordered to

Request -> you are requested to

Advice -> you are advised to

Proposal or Let us -> we should or it is suggested that we should

2. Use object of active voice as subject immediate after “Let”.

Some times there are two objects in the active voice. Then use second object which is the direct object immediate after “Let” and join first object of AV with “by” at last of the PV sentence

For example :

  • AV : Let him focus on his studies.
    PV : Let his studies be focused on by him.
  • AV : Make him a favor.
    PV : Let a favor be maid to him.
  • AV: Let us solve the problem.
    PV: Let the problem be solved by us.
    OR
    It is suggested that we should solve the problem. (as AV starts with “Let us”)

3. Change the case of subject pronouns in active voice to objective case.)

4. Use auxiliary verb “be”

5. Use third form of verb or past participle.

Do not use past participle after use of verbs like you are requested, commanded or ordered to.

6. Write remaining part of the sentence.

Types of imperative sentences

On the basis of message “to do something” or “not to do something” imperative sentences have two types. One is positive imperative and another one is negative imperative sentence.

Positive Imperative Sentences

Obviously, These types of sentences ask to do something in positive way.  It doesn’t include the auxiliary verb “do” but always presents inside the main verb hidenly.

Structure for passive voice of Positive Imperative Sentences

 

Let + object + be + past participle

Examples of passive voice of Positive Imperative sentences

  • AV : Keep your eyes on the target
    PV : Let your eyes be kept on the target.
  • AV : Keep it up.
    PV : Let it be kept up.
  • AV : Remove your shoes here.
    PV : Let your shoes be removed here.
  • AV : Break the shackles
    PV : Let the shackles be broken
  • AV : Please, Help me.
    PV : You are requested to help me
  • AV : Catch the moment
    PV: Let the moment be caught

Negative Imperative Sentences

In these types of sentences someone is prohibited from something or asked someone to not to do something.

Structure for passive voice of Negative Imperative Sentences

Let + object ( of active voice) + not + be + past participle.

Examples of passive voice of Negative Imperative Sentences

AV : Do not lose your patience
PV: You are advised not to lose your patience.

  • AV : Do not play inside the house
    PV : You are ordered not to play inside the house
  • AV : Do not retreat back (command for soldiers)
    PV : You are commanded not to retreat back.
  • AV : Do not hesitate to express yourself
    PV : You are advised not to hesitate to express yourself.
  • AV : Do not reveal the secret
    PV : Let the secret not be revealed.
  • AV : Please do not go outside in the night
    PV : You are requested not to go outside in the night.

Hopefully, now, I think that you have got broader idea about how to make passive voice of imperative sentences to enrich your speaking and writing skills.

Passive voice of Interrogative sentences

Rules of active and passive voice