Overview of conditional sentences

If I study proper, I will crack my exam. If I were a fluent teacher, I would teach more better. If they had played well, they would have won the game. Considering the importance and relevancy of such sentences, an overview of conditional sentences is compulsory for fresh english  learners.

Role and importance

Simply, conditional sentences are about the world of imagination. your imagined condition, you can encode in the words in the form of sentences, we call it conditional sentences.

It may also be used to express regret for missed opportunity. There are three types of conditional sentences. Generally, these sentences begin with “If” dependent clause.

Conditional sentences can be useful not only for English learners but also for others too.

We use conditional sentences in all three Tenses-present, past, and future.

Apart from the grammatical structure, the meaning is equally important to learn quickly.

We know that these types of sentences are too confusing to understand.Therefore, a better technique can only helps to master it perfectly. Here, I will try to make it easier for your understanding.

Important rules for understanding for better clarity

•As I mentioned earlier that these are imaginary in nature. It means, happening in the imagination.

•They are generally introduced with “If” conditional conjunction. Clause that begins with “If” called subordinate clause as it is introduced with subordinate conjunction.

•Will auxiliary is not used in the “If” clause. But, will is permitted in the main clause.

• Two clauses are used in the conditional sentences – one is If + and other main clause with “then”  as a result of first clause.

•There are three types of conditional sentences. One is used for present condition, second is used to show past condition, and third is about for “missed opportunity.”

•In the present, “If” is used to begin a dependent clause, but in the second main clause will is generally used.

•In the past sense of conditional sentences, would is preferred in place of will.

•In the conditional sentences for missed opportunity, would have, could have, or should have, is preferred. Unlike other two types, in this type, in the dependent ‘If’ clause had is used as “auxiliary”.

•Comma is introduced to separate two parts of sentence.

 Relevant Examples of conditional sentences

Let’s see some useful examples for deeper insight.

•If I were a scientist, I would invent great technology.

•If I were you, I would save lot of water.

•If I were a singer, I would sing for poor.

These three examples show imaginary conditions with If and would association. This is the past imagination that we cannot change.


     Present Conditional sentences

•If nations reduce carbon emissions,  temperature will come down quickly.

•If it rains, trees will survive.

•If pollution rises, it will threat biodiversity.

They are the first types of conditional sentences with present imagination. In this sentences, “if and will” association is generally used. Comma is essential to separate them.

Past conditional sentences

•If he came, I would go with him.

•If he ran, he would save himself.

•If he failed, he  would not help others.

Above mentioned examples express imagination of past. For this, “If and would” association is applicable.

Conditional sentences for missed opportunity -with If-had+would have

•If they had worked earlier, they would have finished the job before time.

•If scientist had got better opportunities, they would have invented life saver drugs.

If we had developed green technology, carbon emissions would have controlled effectively.

Sentences that express missed opportunity, are most difficult part of conditional sentence. In such sentences, in the first clause If + had + pp is compulsory. But, in the main clause, we can take would have, should have, or could have according to the conditions.

Persistent hard work is indispensable to master the conditional sentences. In the upcoming blog, we will learn higher level conditional sentences.

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