Adverb clause of time can be introduced by the conjunctions such as, when, before, after, as soon as, no sooner than, while, etc. It is also called the subordinating or dependent clause of time. In this blog, ” Learning adverb clause of time” you will learn about the adverb clause introduced by as soon as and no sooner than…
Adverb clause of time -definition
“Simply, clause is a group of words that include subject and predicate but without complete meaning.”
“When such clause is introduced by the subordinating conjunctions of time, and works as adverbs in the sentence, then, it becomes adverb clause of time.”
•Landslide occurred as soon as the train left tunnel. (“As soon as the train left the tunnel” is adverb clause of time)
•When he reached at the hospital, it was too late.(“When he reached at the hospital” is adverb clause of time)
•She has prepared delicious food before we could reach at home.
Adverb clause beginning with as soon as
“As soon as” is the subordinating conjunctions of time.
It is used to introduce dependent adverb clause of time.
“As soon as” is used to connect two actions with minimum time gap in sequence.
Rules of formation
Here are some important rules for the formation of adverb clause of time, beginning with “as soon as”.
“As soon as” is used before noun or pronoun to introduce clause.
Future auxiliary verbs are absent in the dependent clause. Instead, present auxiliary verbs are preferred.
As soon as + dependent clause + comma + main clause.
Main clause + as soon as + dependent clause.
Some useful examples
•As soon as we reach at the reservation centre, we will let you know about status.(for future sense)
•We will let you know the status as soon as we reach at the reservation centre.
•As soon as it rains, children start enjoying.(for present sense)
•As soon as they win a game, they start dancing.
•As soon as they have realized, they expressed regret.
In the present tense, both meaning and auxiliary are same.
Past simple and perfect are used interchangeably with same meaning .
•He started playing as soon as he declared fit.
•As soon as he came out of injury, he resumed playing.
•Landslide occured as soon as train left tunnel.
•Child started crying as soon as it had noticed mother.
Adverb clause beginning with no sooner than
Like as soon as, “no sooner than” is a subordinating conjunctions of time, and used to introduce adverb clause of time.
“No sooner than” is used before verbs and auxiliary verbs to introduce adverb clause of time.
Here too, future auxiliary verbs are absent. Instead, present tense auxiliary verbs are preferred.
“No sooner than” is used to express two actions with negligible time gap in sequence.
No sooner + auxiliary verb + dependent clause + than + main clause.
No sooner + had/did + dependent clause + than + main clause.
Some useful examples
No sooner than
•No sooner had the train arrived than I informed you.(generally, no sooner than is used to introduce past statement)
•No sooner did the train arrive than I informed you. (No sooner than is hardly used in the middle of the sentence)
•No sooner had they entered in the forest than they heard a roar.(there is no question of comma in such sentences)
•No sooner did they enter in the forest than they heard a roar.
•No sooner had the police reached at the spot than the thief ran away.
•No sooner did the police reach at the spot than the thief ran away.