In the first half of the twentieth century, India liberated itself from the exploitative subjugation of colonial powers and unanimously adopted the democratic form of political regime to regain the lost glory. However, in the last seven decades, development was never been a main issue of any general elections so far. Most surprisingly, in India, leading political parties, instead to focus on developmental activities, are busy in mud-slinging for past mistakes to woo the voters. In this blog, “Independent India’s political journey” I am going to explain why the politics of world’s largest democracy has failed to breakout from the tug of credit war and communalism…..
Politics of freedom struggle movement
It is well known that Indian National Congress was instrumental to liberate India from the clutches of subjugation.Therefore, it was the representative movement of all people of India and not the mere political party to contest elections.
However, even after the Mahatma Gandhi’s moral objection, the grand old party became the powerful political weapon to capture power due to its credibility.
Moreover, not only did they use Indian national congress as a political weapon; but they also attributed their legacy to the great leadership of Mahatma Gandhi to demand votes over the decades.
Weapon of secularism
Secondly, people of India saw the worst form of riots at the time of partition. For this, communal forces of both religions were largely blamed. Later, the same party, with the help of secular instrument, targeted opponents for more than five decades. In reality, they systematically, enriched the term “communal politics” to keep opponents at bay and divert the focus from development.
It means that it was the leadership of the grand old party which thoughtfully utilized the both weapons against the opponents to remain in power, instead to heal communal wounds and empower better standard of living for needy.
Third, after 1980s onwards, once the movement of nation, finally, became the capital of single family and now heading to what British aspired to make it-peaceful demise.
For this, both dynastic politics and incapable opportunistic politicians deserve to be blamed. If they had occasionally permitted the mobility in the higher rank, the nature and fate of the grand old party would have been quite different and so the politics of India.
In the initial phase, Sardar vallabhbhai Patel opened the gate of opportunities for even the right wing politicians in the Congress to make it more inclusive force but the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi forced to rethink.
In the initial phase, scholars appreciate the Nehruvian consensus politics but at the same time systematically ignore the silent entry of Indira Gandhi as a political heir. We know that it was the Indira Gandhi who strengthened the dynastic politics targeting both opponents, as well as party leaders.
Even today, despite the successive humiliating defeats in the general elections, the Gandhi family is not going to hand over the reign of party leadership to the non-Gandhi person.
Indeed, it is a great tragedy of such a great grand old party which should have been dissolved at the time of independence. Had it happened, the fate of Indian politics would have been definitely different.
Emergence of communal forces in power
After the 1980s, once the so called guardian of secularism, the grand old party was totally responsible for the emergence of communal forces as the most powerful political force in the last decade. Hardly two and half decade old party successfully captured political power more than three times with two times absolute majority.
Dynastic politics, weak leadership, rampant corruption, and declining grassroot linkages are some of the responsible reasons which helped BJP to clinch power by defeating powerful organisation.
Congress failure-capital of BJP
Obviously, success of BJP is often ascribed to the failure of Congress rather than the achievements of party. That’s why they frequently blames Congress for everything to woo voters. And, really, it is logical and convincing that when a party which was in power for more than five decades, deserves to receive criticism rather than appreciation. Unfortunately, it is an another tragedy of people of India who voted both for theirs development but none has yielded expected results for them.
Whom to blame
So far, one party has ruled more than five decades by targeting colonial powers and communal forces, whereas other is in power just blaming for earlier for the country’s backwardness and dynastic politics without effectively focusing developmental endeavour. On the other hand, voter of the nation have been eagerly waiting the fruit of development ever since the independence.
Political scholars often argue that the voters of India can be easily convinced by the emotional appeals and various occasions it has been proved correct. But, now the time has changed and people have little patience to wait.
Clearly, party in power must be aware about the fact that theirs emergence is nothing but the failure of earlier actor. Hence, in case of failure, theirs fate also wouldn’t be different from Congress party.