Functions of preposition

The vital role and Functions of preposition is to describe relations of nouns or pronouns to other grammatical units in the given sentence.

What does preposition do ?

  1. Prepositions express relations of nouns or pronouns to the rest of the sentence.
  2. Preposition + noun = object of preposition.
  3. Prepositional phrase is used as adjective or adverbial  in sentence.
  4. Other functions depends on position in sentence. These are major functions prepositions its phrases…

Meaning of preposition

“Preposition is a grammatical term used to express relationship of a noun or pronoun with the rest of the sentence”. For example, on the table, in the sky, across the river, with a hammer, in the garden, etc.

“Object of preposition = preposition +  noun, pronoun”

Let’s see some examples of major types of preposition for general understanding. For detailed use, you can read previous blogs.

Major types of prepositions

•Place — To, beside, between, At, In,

•Time — At, In, on, since,

•Reason — For, through, because,

•Agency — By, With,

•Connection — Of, To,

•Origin — from, of,

•Direction — To, From, Over, etc.

  1. He goes to swim in the morning. (Time)
  2. Don’t worry, today, we have fruits and eggs for breakfast.(purpose)
  3. So far, she never saw any snake. Therefore, she always gets afraid of snakes.
  4. The dog jumped on the table.(place)
  5. I always write with fountain pen.(instrument)
  6. His habits to run in the morning, is appreciable.(time)

Functions of preposition

Here are some important functions of preposition in the sentence.

“Functions of preposition as prepositional phrase and adverbial complements”

“Prepositional phrase is formed with the object and it functions like adverbials if it is placed after main verbs.”

  •  He is swimming in the river.
  • Here, “in the river” is the prepositional phrase functions like adverbial complement as it is placed immediately after action verb.

Preposition as a “Object complement”

“But if the prepositional phrase is placed after the direct object, then it is called the “object complement.”

  • She kicked the ball in the ground.
  • In this example, “in the ground” is prepositional phrase placed immediately after the direct object.

Preposition as a “Adjective complement”

“If the prepositional phrase is placed immediately after the predictive adjective to complete the intended meaning, called adjective complement.

  • In the exam, he was totally confused with the nature of questions.
  • In this example, “with the nature of questions” are used to modify “confused.” Thus, it functions like adjective complement.

In the next blog, I will explain about the types of prepositions with examples.

Adverbial complements

Basics of direct and indirect speech

Direct and Indirect speech

Conjunctions for alternative choices

Understanding no sooner than

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