Explanation of cumulative conjunction

It is a type of coordinating conjunction used to add extra information “with certain degree of emphasis” to the independent clauses. It connects two words, phrases, and independent clauses. So, let’s see explanation of cumulative conjunction… 

How to use ?

  1. It is a coordinating conjunction.
  2. Used to add extra information with certain degree of emphasis.
  3. Connect two words, phrases, or independent clauses 
  4. It adds similar grammatical units, nouns, adjectives etc. 
  5. Comma is applicable in certain situations 
  6. Subject verb agreement as I mentioned in last blog. 

Types of coordinating conjunctions

There are four types of coordinating conjuctions. These are —

  1. Cumulative conjunction
  2. Alternative conjunction
  3. Adversative conjunction &
  4. Illative conjunction

1. List of cumulative coordinating conjunctions

Cumulative conjunction can be further classified into following types:-

  • And    •Also
  • Too     • As well 
  • As well as  • Both….. And
  • Not only… But also

2. Useful examples to overlook.. 

  • Water and air pollutions are dangerous for human health. (plural auxiliary)
  • Himalaya and Andes are folded mountains.
  • He is both athlete and musician.(emphatic effect, emphasis on words) 
  • They want both to reduce trade deficit and to increase employment opportunities. 
  • Cyclone is both damaging property and killing lives. 
  • Temperature, as well as soil is vital element. 
  • China, as well as US is capable to shape global economy.(singular auxiliary verbs) 
  • Water scarcity is not only a challenge, but also an environmental concern. 

Detailed explanation of cumulative conjunction–Both… AndAnd…

 “In the previous blog, I have already explained “not only… but also”. Now I am going to explain Both… And & and. 

1. “And” Cumulative coordinating conjunction 

“Generally, “and” is used in the neutral sense to add extra information in the form of attributes, qualities, things, and two actions”. Besides, plural auxiliary is preferred.

  • US and China decided to start trade negotiations. 
  • Water and air pollutions are dangerous for human health. (plural auxiliary)
  • Himalaya and Andes are folded mountains.
  • India, Brazil, and South Africa are planning to boost trade.
  • Road, rail, and waterways are major forms of transportation.

 When we add more than two words, comma is essential before “and”. In case of two words, comma before “and” is not compulsory.

“And” is used to join two independent clauses but with comma. Comma is introduced before “And.”

  • Nowadays, the temperature is rising, and the incidents of sunburn are constantly increasing.
  • Food security is a major problem in the LDCs, and the incidents of droughts are on the rise in African nations.

“In both the sentences, “And” is used to join two independent clauses. Therefore, comma is used to separate both sentences before “and.”

2. Both….And — cumulative conjunction 

It is also called paired or corelative conjunction. 

  1. “Both.. and” is used to create emphatic effect. It is used to emphasis on referring elements.
  2. Plural form of auxiliary verbs are used to make both.. and sentence. 
  3. Comma is omitted from such type of cumulative conjunction. 
  4. Similar grammatical units are connected. 

Some important examples of both.. and cumulative coordinating conjunction.. 

  • Both global warming and climate change are threat for biodiversity.
  • Oceans are both deep and vast. 
  • He is both athlete and musician.
  • They want both to reduce trade deficit and to increase employment opportunities. 
  • Cyclone is both damaging property and killing lives. 

This is all about the cumulative coordinating conjunction And & Both… And. 

Hope, explanation of cumulative conjunction will help you to make better sense… 

Phrases clauses and sentences

Use of not only & but also as conjunction.

Conjunctions for alternative choices

Linking and helping auxiliary verbs

Reality of Indian tribals

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTkyZY15L6UOEUl3y85XYw/