Examples of present perfect tense

Role of Present perfect tense is to describe action begun in past but completed in the present tense. It means that an action was started in the past but completed at the time of expression. For more understanding, let’s go through the formation and examples of present perfect tense.

Formation of present perfect tense

To form present perfect tense, essential grammatical units need to be used carefully.

Has, have, and past participle or base + ed — to form present perfect tense

Here, to construct present perfect tense, auxiliaries “Have and has” are used to express complete sense of action as per the person and number of subject.

  1. I, we — have — first person singular and plural subject.
  2. You — have — second person
  3. He, she, it — has— third person singular subject
  4. They — have — third person plural subject

Useful examples present perfect tense.

  • I have already completed my assignment.
  • We have decided to launch new plan of action.
  • They have visited Ajantha caves twice this year.
  • She has cracked her exam with distinction.
  • She has achieved this feat many times in her life.
  • He has already finished his job.
  • He has beautifully played in the final match.
  • It has rained heavily since morning.

‘Have” auxiliary verb is used for the plural subject; whereas, “has” is preferred for singular subject.

Third form of verb to form present perfect tense

Besides, third form of verb (or past participle of the main verb) is taken to express complete action.

  • I have already completed my assignment.
  • We have decided to launch new plan of action.
  • They have visited Ajantha caves twice this year.
  • She has achieved this feat many times in her life
  • He has already finished his job.

Examples of present perfect tense with time’s adverbial

In the present perfect tense, though not fixed but time’s adverbials are taken to make better sense.

Role of time’s adverbial in making present perfect tense –Already, so far, and yet

“Already time adverb” is used when the action is completed well before at the time of expression.

  • He has already completed his daily homework.
  • They have already explained this point twice.
  • She has already taken her maiden chance.
  • This pesticides have already banned for commercial use.

When the action is just completed at the time of expression, then, “so far time’s adverb” is generally placed at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.

  • They haven’t met us so far.
  • So far, they have consolidated theirs position for further action.
  • So far, he hasn’t mentioned anybody’s name.

For the negative expression or for the incomplete action, “yet” time’s adverb is preferred.

  • The construction work hasn’t completed yet.
  • I haven’t received my money yet.
  • He hasn’t shown any sign of improvement yet.

For, since, just now

In the present perfect tense, “For” is used to express period of time and “Since” is preferred to express point of time.

  • I have lived in mountainous region for 5 years.
  • I have used the same bike for 10 years.
  • He has lived in hostel since 10th class.
  • We have received a lot of rain since June.
  • He has been so upset since morning.

In case of action just completed, “Just now” is taken. It means that action has been completed just before at the time of expression.

  • Don’t force me. I have just taken my dinner.
  • I have just enquired about train’s arrival.
  • We have just discussed on this issue.

General time or without definite time period

Here, there is no need for the time expressions to express the present perfect tense.

  • He has learned presentation skills.
  • She has joined in the environmental campaign.
  • They have mastered English language.
  • You have confused me.
  • I have borrowed thousand rupees.

Adversative coordinating conjunctions

Difference between noun and adjective clause