Correlative conjunctions are used to join two elements of equal importance in the sentence. They are also known as paired conjunctions. But, they do not play all the same functions like subordinating, as well as coordinating conjunctions. Not only.. but also, either..or, neither…nor, whether…or, such…that, although…yet, just as…so etc. are some examples of correlative conjunctions.
Rules of use of correlative conjunctions
•It is required that both elements joined by correlative conjunction should be equal or similar in nature in terms of grammatical units.
•It is certain that either you will achieve first rank, or your friend will do so. (two independent clauses are joined)
•I want to purchase either a fountain pen or a cricket bat. (two phrases are joined)
In case of two independent clauses joined by correlative conjunctions, punctuation marks — comma is used to separate two parts. Otherwise, comma is omitted.
•Not only is he a technical batsman, but he also plays aggressive cricket. (comma is used for two independent clauses)
•I want to purchase either a fountain pen or a cricket bat. (no need for comma as two phrases are joined)
“Subject verb agreement”
•For two singular subjects, singular auxiliary verb is preferred. But for plural subjects, plural form of auxiliary verbs are used.
•In case of singular and plural subjects, subject closer to auxiliary verb is considered.
•Neither he or his friends are available for work.(one singular and one plural subject)
Useful examples of “correlative conjunctions”
For better insight about the correlative conjunctions, here is a list of some important examples.
” Either…or and neither..nor”
•I want to purchase either a fountain pen or a cricket bat.
•Either he may write with a fountain pen, or he can choose a ballpen in the exam.
•Neither he or his friends are available for work.
•Neither she promised to help, nor her friends were responded positively.
“Not only…but also & not…but”
•Not only is he a technical batsman, but he also plays aggressive cricket.
•Not only she but her sister also is a good singer.(singular subjects)
•Tom is not a fool but a talented student. (for contradiction)
•Not just he cleared exam, but secured first rank in the college.
•I am still in a confusion whether to go for picnic, or stay safe at home.
•I am not sure whether my decision to introduce Bio-fertilizer is good or bad for our organization.
•I am so tired that I cannot walk further.
•Underdeveloped countries are so poor that they cannot invest in green technology.
•No sooner did the train arrive, than I informed you.
•No sooner had they entered into the forest, than they heard a roar.
•He both cooked his breakfast and washed all the dishes.
•Both global warming and climate change are threat for biodiversity.
•Oceans are both vast and deep.
•Though fossil fuels are proved dangerous for environment, yet it is being used heavily.
•Though free trade system makes everyone better off, yet US is following protective policies against others.
•Just as cricket is popular in my country, so does European like football.
•Just as tropical crops are grown in tropical regions, so do temperate regions grow wheat and barley.
This is an important subject matter describing and explaining the correct use of correlative conjunctions in the english grammar….