Examples and functions of noun phrase

A group of words having specific meaning, and that includes, noun, modifiers, and determiners, is called noun phrase. Within the sentence, noun phrase functions like noun in the form of subject, object, or complements. Being important basic grammatical unit, deeper insight through examples and functions of noun phrase deserves attention.

Functions of elements of noun phrase

Basically, there are three major elements of noun phrase. But, sometimes, it can be included two sub category in the form of pre and post determiners and modifiers before and after “Head noun”.

1. Determiners of the noun phrase

Determiners are the certain words that determine the numbers of noun in the phrase or head. They are usually placed earlier to the “Noun head”

2. Examples of determiners in noun phrase

  • Many people
  • Three dogs
  • Seven days
  • Several examples

In these examples, “Many, three, several, and seven” are the determiners which determine the numbers of noun.

3. Functions of modifiers

Modifiers are the certain types of words that add extra information on the head noun without changing the basic meaning of noun. These words may be adjectives and used before the noun head.

4. Examples showing modifiers in noun phrase

  • Warm water
  • Strong wind
  • Deep water
  • Long distance
  • Precious metal
  • Beautiful picture

In these examples, different adjectives are placed before the head nouns, which function like modifiers to make noun more informative.

5. Pre – determiners and modifiers

Pre determiners and modifiers are labelled in case of more than one determiner and modifier in the single noun phrase.

6. Head – noun

It may be a single word or compound word around which determiners and modifiers are placed accordingly. It may be person or thing.

7. Post – determiners and post – modifiers

Whenever the determiners and modifiers are placed after the head noun, such words are called post determiners and modifiers.

8. Overall structure of noun phrase

The length of noun phrase could be a single word or more than even five words, as per the requirements of sentence. Here are some useful examples:–

  • The man – single determiner,
  • The dancing man – single determiner and modifier,
  • The dancing young man – single determiner and two modifiers,
  • The twenty years old young man –  more than two determiners and modifiers,
  • The twenty – five years old young man – complex form,
  • The twenty – five years old young man with curly hair – more complex form.
“Pre – determiner + determiner + Pre – modifier + modifier + Head + post determiner + post modifier”

It is the correct placement of modifiers and determiners around the noun head increases the length and complexity of noun phrase.

Functions of noun phrase

Like noun, noun phrase does the work of noun in the sentence in which it is used. Noun phrase may be used as a

  1. Subjectof sentence
  2. Objectof sentence
  3. Complementof sentence

These examples and functions of noun phrase will definitely help you to use it in the sentence.

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