Elements of paragraph writing

Paragraph is an idea centric group of interrelated sentences. After sentences, paragraph writing is the most basic part of writing skills. To master this skills, elements of paragraph writing need to be understood carefully.

Elements of paragraph

Paragraph is written with three types of Sentence. You know that sentence is a grammatical unit which includes a separate subject and predicate with complete sense of meaning. These three types of sentences are:–

  1. Intro or topic sentence with specific ideas,
  2. Supporting sentences
  3. Concluding

Meaning of paragraph

Paragraph is a single idea centric group of closely interrelated statements or sentences, limited by punctuation marks. Generally, it includes one or more sentences, depending on the subject matter of idea in question.

Basic structure of paragraph

As I stated earlier that paragraph is a single idea centric group of interrelated statements or sentences. Then obviously, every sentence has its specific meaning and role.

Generally, major elements of paragraph writing are — topic or intro sentence, supporting or explanatory sentences, and concluding sentences.

1. Intro or topic sentence key elements of paragraph writing

Topic sentence is a kind of assertive sentence which emphasis mainly on the topic of the entire paragraph and specific idea. Simply, intro sentence includes topic and idea of the paragraph.

Besides, such sentence should qualify as a claim so that it can be explained with reasons in the form of supporting sentences. Therefore, mere sentence would be inadequate in this context.

Idea of paragraph, embedded in the topic sentence should be specific and clear enough to explain relevantly; otherwise, clarity would be replaced by confusion.

2. Examples of topic sentence

i) Healthy body needs regular exercise and proper diet.

  • Topic — healthy body.
  • Idea to explain — regular exercise and proper diet.

ii) Plants require adequate water and sunlight for growth.

  • Topic — growth of plants.
  • Idea to explain — adequate water and sunlight

iii) Global warming is a product of greenhouse gases.

  • Topic — global warming.
  • Idea to explain — product of greenhouse gases.
3. Explanatory or supporting sentences

Supporting sentences include reasons, or claims to explain the earlier stated idea. So, the major role and function of these supporting sentences is to prove the claim expressed in the intro or topic sentence.

Most importantly, you need to know the proper rules of claims, reasons, before to write such sentences.

4. Examples of supporting sentences

Healthy body needs regular exercise and proper diet.

  • The fitness of body is often attributed to the regular exercise.
  • Whereas, nutritious, proper diet is essential to maintain required energy, as well as proper development of body.

Role of regular exercise — body fitness.

Role of proper diet — energy and body development.

5. Concluding sentences of paragraph writing

Concluding sentences include the results of supporting sentences that are used to explain topic sentence.

In this context, concluding sentences should be inclusive and not mere the repetition of topic sentence.

There are certain conjunctive adverbs are used at the beginning of the concluding sentences. These are like, therefore, hence, as a result, etc.

Hence, regular exercise and proper diet is natural insurance against any diseases along healthy functioning of body.

Hence — conjunctive adverb for conclusion.

Healthy functioning of body — direct conclusion

Natural insurance against any diseases — indirect conclusion.

 

Now let’s see the total paragraph

  1. Healthy body needs regular exercise and proper diet — topic or intro sentence.
  2. The fitness of body is often attributed to the regular exercise. Whereas, nutritious, proper diet is essential to maintain required energy, as well as proper development of body – supporting or explanatory sentences.
  3. Hence,regular exercise and proper diet is natural insurance against any diseases along healthy functioning of body — concluding
“Healthy body needs regular exercise and proper diet. The fitness of body is often attributed to the regular exercise. Whereas, nutritious, proper diet is essential to maintain required energy, as well as proper development of body. Hence, regular exercise and proper diet is natural insurance against any diseases along healthy functioning of body”.

(Approximately 40+ words)

In this way, a general paragraph can be designed and written by any learner after understanding the basic rules of paragraph writing skills.

In the next blog, I will discuss every elements of paragraph more detailed manner.

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