Direct and indirect objects

Object is one of the most important elements of the sentence in the english language. It is a noun or pronoun on which the action is performed. Object is the direct or indirect receiver of the action. Hence, it is classified as direct and indirect objects as per the relation of the action. Surely, through this blog, you will learn better about the correct use of direct and indirect object in the sentence.

As I mentioned earlier that object is the constituent of the predicative part of the sentence. It means that sentences with object is called transitive whereas, sentences without object is called  intransitive.

•Nature gives us life supporting elements.

•They delivered my luggage

•My teacher teaches me the importance of moral values.

•Alex damaged my bike.

In the above examples, Us, my luggage, me, and my bike are the objects. Therefore, all are called transitive sentences.

•Hawk is flying over the garden.

•Railway runs through tunnels in the mountain regions.

•Tourists are swimming in the esturine water.

•Breeze blows through leaves in the morning.

All the above examples are intransitive sentences as they lack receiver of action performed by the verbs– fly, run, swim, and blow.

Now, let’s see the difference between direct and indirect objects of the transitive sentences.

You know that the object is either a noun or pronoun. So, it may be person or thing on which action is performed.

•Company  is offering me at least 20 percent discount in this festive season.

•He donated me hundred dollars for my treatment.

•Students helped poor tribal in need.

Here, all the three examples show the pattern of direct object. In the first example, ‘me’ is the direct object of the verb offer; whereas in the second and third example, ‘me and poor people’ are the direct objects of the verbs donate and help respectively.

In case of indirect object, it immediately follows the verb. Usually, it is used before direct object.

•My father gifted me a fountain pen on my birthday.

•Our teacher gave all of us a better advice.

•We are bequeathing our future generations a polluted environment.

For more clearity, direct object is the direct receiver of the action of the verb; whereas indirect object is the destination of the receiver or direct object. In the first example, receiver is ‘a fountain pen’ ,but the destination of the receiver is “me”. Therefore, destination of the receiver is the indirect object.

Whenever a noun or pronoun is used as the direct object, then it creates the objective or accusative case. Case is nothing but used to show the relations noun or pronoun with other elements in the given sentence. In case of indirect object, dative case is formed.

Most importantly, direct object and object complement are two different components and do not mix with each other.

My friend taught me about right approach of study. In this example, ‘Me’ is the direct object, but — about right approach of study–is the object complement. You will learn about the object complement in the next blog.

Adverbial complements

Use of adverbs

Correct use of “but” and “yet”

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