Difference between present perfect and perfect continuous

The action expressed in the present perfect continuous tense begins somewhere in the past; but, it is yet to be completed in the present time. It means that the action is still continue. On the other hand, action described in the perfect present begins somewhere in the past; but, it is just  completed at the time of expression. In this blog, “Difference between present perfect and perfect continuous” I’m going to explain the key differences between these two tenses.

Role of present perfect continuous

As I stated earlier that present perfect continuous is used to express actions begins somewhere in the past; but, it is still continue even at the time of expression. So, it is used to describe an action over a vast span of time, including past and present tense.  Let’s see some examples:-

•I have been writing my assignment since 6 A.M.

•We have been planning to launch a new plan since our last meeting.

•They have been thinking to visit Ajanta Caves since 10th standard.

•She has been preparing for her exam for two years.

•He has been working there for a decade.

•He has been living here for five years.

Role of perfect present tense

Unlike present perfect continuous, present perfect is used to express an action somewhere begins in the past; but, it has just completed at the time of expression. So, this type of tense is used for complete action at the time of expression.

•I have already completed my assignment.

•We have decided to launch new plan of action.

•They have visited Ajantha caves twice this year.

•She has cracked her exam with distinction.

•She has achieved this feat many times in her life.

•He has already finished his job.

Use of times expression

In terms of present perfect continuous tense, point of time and period of time is compulsory  mentioned to delineate the range of action in the given time, including past and present. Generally, for this, “Since and For” are preferred most of the time to express point of time and period of time.

•We have been planning to launch a new plan since our last meeting.(since–point  of time)

•They have been thinking to visit Ajanta Caves since 10th standard.

•She has been preparing for her exam for two years.(for–period of time)

•He has been working there for a decade.(period of time)

•He has been living here for five years.

On the other hand, in case of perfect present, though the action begins in the past, it is totally completed in the present at the time of expression. So, there is no need to mention fixed time’s expressions; but, it is advised to mention time’s expressions like, just, already, just now, or so far in case of necessary. Let’s see some important examples for clarity :–

•I have already completed my assignment.

•We have just decided to launch a new plan of action.

•They have visited Ajantha Caves twice this year.

•She has cracked her exam with distinction.

•She has achieved this feat many times in her life.

•He has just  finished his job.

•They haven’t met us so far.

•He has beautifully played in the final match.

These are some important points to differentiate between present perfect continuous and present perfect. Hope, this content will help you to eliminate unnecessary confusion about the correct use of both.

Functions of noun clause

Functions of preposition

Coordinating conjunction not only but also

As well as cumulative conjunction

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