Difference between emphatic and reflexive pronouns

Pronouns, being the vital part of speech, they are the major components of sentences in English grammar. They are also called as compound personal pronouns. They play the role of subject as well as object in the sentences. Here in this blog, difference between emphatic and reflexive pronouns, we will discuss them in more details.

Importance of emphatic and reflexive pronouns

Generally, pronouns are used to avoid repeated mention of noun of subject or object of the sentence.

  • They also provide extra meaning about gender, number, person, case etc.
  • These pronouns enrich meaning of the sentence.
  • Give emphasis on specific noun or doer in sentence.
  • Revert the action on doer or subject.
  • These can be used as subject and object in the sentence respectively.
  • Reflexive pronouns function as direct or indirect object of the sentence.
  • Emphatic pronouns stress subject of the sentence where as reflexive pronouns on the verb.

What is difference between emphatic and reflexive pronouns?

Apparently, These two pronouns seems alike in first glace. But, there is quite difference between emphatic and reflexive pronouns.

In case of emphatic one, it shows action is done by doer itself and pronoun as a subject is emphasized by taking just immediate to the possessive person pronoun. They are also called as intensive pronouns.

In emphatic pronouns, stress is given on the subject whereas in case of reflexive one it goes on the verb.

Structure of emphatic pronouns

When self is added to singular possessive personal pronouns ( to objective case in case of “it” ie. “Itself”) and selves to plural one ( to objective case in case of “they” ie. “Themsrlves”) they are called as emphatic or reflexive pronouns.
Word self or selves is added next to the personal pronouns to form compound personal pronoun.

Structure is as follows………

Personal pronoun + self =  Emphatic pronoun ( for singular pronouns) 

Personal pronoun + selves = Emphatic pronoun ( for plural pronouns)

  • My + self = Myself
  • Our + selves = Ourselves
  • Your +self/selves = yourself/ yourselves
  • Him + self = himself
  • Her + self = Herself
  • It + self = itself
  • Them + selves = themselves

Examples of emphatic pronouns in sentences.

  • We ourselves are keen to attend all the guests.
  • He himself is responsible for his own failure.
  • She herself cleaned this entire house.
  • I myself prepared all these recipes.
  • You yourself proved once again by clinching this title.

What are Reflexive pronouns?

On the other hand, in case of reflexive pronouns, action is reversed back to the doer which is possessive personal pronoun. Reflexive pronouns may function as object of the sentence So, no need to emphasize and such pronouns are taken after the main verb of the sentence.

Structure and position of reflexive pronouns :

Structure for reflexive pronouns is same as of emphatic pronouns but position is quite different. Unlike the emphatic pronouns, they are placed after the main verb.

  • My + self = Myself
  • Our + selves = Ourselves
  • Your +self/selves = yourself/ yourselves
  • Him + self himself
  • Her + self = Herself
  • Them + selves = themselves.

same as like of emphatic one……..

Some examples of reflexive pronouns in sentences :

  • We enjoyed ourselves in bachelor’s party last night.
  • He involved himself in social activities.
  • It injured itself while fighting with its siblings.
  • Government passed itself new farm bill without consulting with farmers’ unions.
  • Rescue team took itself some praiseworthy decisions which saved hundreds of lives.
    The Captain of the team blamed himself for the disillusionment of spectators.

I hope,  it will help you to enrich your writing as well as speaking English language.

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