When a noun follows another noun or pronoun denoting the same person but describe that person further, then such noun case is called as “case in apposition”. We will see the correct use of “case in apposition” in short with some examples. First we see importance of noun cases.
Noun cases are vital for —
- Use of noun case to express relations of noun or pronoun to the rest of the sentence.
- Use of case in apposition to describe subject or add similar information to noun or pronoun.
- There are six major types of noun cases.
- Comma is essential to separate similar information.
- Singular auxiliary verb is used. So, let’s have a look at the correct use of case in apposition.
Case in apposition = similar information + subject with comma
Major types of “Noun or pronoun cases”
There are six major types of noun or pronoun cases commonly used to express relationship of noun or pronoun with rest of the words or grammatical units–
- Subjective case
- Dative case
- Objective case
- Vocative case
- Case in apposition
- Possessive case
“Definition and meaning of noun case”
Noun case is a word express the relation of a noun with the other words in the given sentence. But, especially, it is intensively used with the personal pronouns.
- He is a talented student.
- Teacher taught them a learning method.
- Students donated some money in charity.
In the first example, “He” personal pronoun is placed in the “Subjective case”.
Whereas, in the second example, “them” is placed as an indirect object in the “Dative case”.
And, in the third example, “Some money” is placed in the “Objective case”.
But, here, I’m going to explain the correct use of case in apposition. So, let’s see the rules and examples of case in apposition…
“Case in apposition”
As I stated earlier that case in apposition is generally used to describe the main subject in more detailed manner.
“Case in apposition” adds extra similar information, separated with punctuation marks — commas.
- Andes, a folded mountain, is located in South America continent.
- Donald Trump, the president of USA, is going to contest presidential election second time.
- Apple, a multinational corporation, is planning to shift theirs production base.
There are certain words or phrases are also used as “appositives” to extend the meaning of subject of the sentence.
‘Such as and like” are taken as appositives in this regard.
“Such as”- appositives phrase
“Such as” phrase is used to add extra similar information to noun or pronoun to make it clearer.
- Perennial rivers such as Ganga, Amazon, and Mekong are act as boon for mankind.
- Folded mountains such as Himalayas, Andes, and Atlas are product of collision of tectonic plates.
“Singular auxiliary for appositives”
Singular auxiliary verb is preferred when we add similar information. But, plural auxiliary verb is taken in case of different information joined by “and” conjunction.
- Maasai Mara, national park of Kenya, is my favourite place to stay.
- Ganga, a perennial river of India, emerges out Gangotri glacier.
- Cricket, a national game of England, is highly popular in the Asian nations.
By studying all these rules, examples of case in apposition, one can easily identify, as well as correct use the “case in apposition”.