The domain of simple present tense is so vast in the english language. It is widely used to express routines, habits, general realities, and even for future events. Hence, it deserves greater attention to learn better. Through this blog, “Clarification of simple present tense with use” you will get better insight about it.
Major elements of sentence
Before we proceed, let’s have a look at the key elements of the sentence.
•Subject–it may contain noun, noun phrase or noun clause.
•Verb — verb phrase, verb complement.
•Object–direct object, indirect object, or object complement.
•Complements—object complement with object and subject complement with linking verb, verb complement after verb in the form of other verb or infinitive, and adverbial complement.
Understanding simple present tense
In the simple present tense, linking verb explains–Questions–How, who,and what about subject of the given sentence.
•The Himalaya is a bold mountain. In this example, “a bold mountain” is the description of “The Himalaya”. If you raise what question about subject, you will find the answer –a bold mountain. In this way, simple present tense is used to describe subject in the form of subject complement.
Role of linking auxiliary verbs
In the simple present tense, linking auxiliary verbs are used to express state, condition or to describe about subject; whereas helping verbs are used to show actions about subject.
•Tiger is a top carnivore.
•Custard apple is a deciduous tree.
•Sugarcane is a tropical plantation crop.
•Tree breathes through leaves.
•Kites fly in the sky.
•Water flows through the gorge.
In case of object, generally, plural form of object is taken, but in the progressive present tense, singular is preferred.
•He eats custard apples. It is showing mere ability not action.
•He is eating a custard apple. Here, he is eating a custard apple currently.
No need for times adveribals
Usually, for permanent reality, simple present tense is used. Therefore, there is no need to mention time, but in case of continuous present tense, it is required.
•She walks regularly. Here, do not need to mention everyday. It is assumed.
•He studies at 5.00 am. It is the schedule of his study.
•They play in the evening. It is theirs regular routine.
‘S’ suffix is essential to main verb when there is third person singular subject; otherwise, plain form of verb is used.
•Bird flies in the sky. In this example, ‘bird’is the third person singular subject, hence suffix-s-is essential.
•Students complain against poor facilities. In this case, ‘students’ is plural form of noun.
Examples expressing routine or habit.
•Students get up early in the morning.
•The office closes at 5 o’clock.
•They begin exercising at 6 o’clock.
•Train arrives at 11 o’clock.
Examples describing general truth. It means permanent phenomenon and there is no chance of change. It is also called universal truth.
•Cyclones origin in the tropical regions.
•Monsoon brings heavy rain.
•Equatorial region receives torrential downpour.
•Planets revolve around the sun
Apart from this, simple present tense is used to express historical present, game commentary, etc. Hope, this detailed clarification of simple present tense would bring clarity for you…