In english language, sentences are formed with the help of basic syntactic terms, elements or constituents. Mainly, they are subject(S), verb(V), object(O), complement(C), and adverbial(A). In such basic sentence structures, subject is used as an initiator of performing action, whereas, object is a destination on which action is targeted. Besides, verb represents different forms of actions, and complements, as well as adverbials play supportive roles. So, let’s see different types of basic sentence structures in english…
Role and functions of syntactic terms
Before to proceed, we need to take a look at the basic constituents of the sentence such as subject, verb, object, complement, and adverbial.
•Subject (S) — simple and compound
•Verb (V) — main verb, helping verbs
•Object (O) — direct and indirect objects
•Complement (C) — sC, aC, oC
By using these constituents, following basic sentence structures could be realized..
“S +V +O”
•I want an advice.
•They lit a fire.
•We have finished our work.
“S +V” (Intransitive verb)
•The earth revolves
•Someone is talking.
“S +V + aC”
•My parents are living in Los Angeles.
•The sun rises in the east.
•A chair can’t stand on two legs. Harry is in the garden.
“S + V + sC”
•He is a gifted student.
•The national is so congested.
•It is too cold.
•Mary seems happy.
“S + V + O + A”
•I will finish the book later.
•Next Week, I will finish the book.
“S + V + O + oC”
•People made him the king.
•The board elected Bob the chairman.
•We consider the decision unwise.
“S + V + Infinitive”
•I want to speak.
•He forgot to lock the door.
•She hopes to get a first class.
“S + V + O + infinitive”
•He wanted me to study.
•Albert told the child to close the door.
•He likes his wife to dress well.
“S + V + Gerund”
•They must give up drinking and smoking.
•He started writing.
•I enjoy teaching.
“S + V + passive infinitive”
•They aspired to be qualified.
•Brazil desired to be developed.
“S + V + O + Present participle”
•They caught him stealing.
•She found the baby crying.
“S + V +O + adjective”
•She washed my shirt clean.
•He painted the wall green.
•The police set the accused free.
“S + V + IO + DO”
•I gifted John a book.
•Students told the teacher theirs problem.
“S + V + O + Prepositional object”
•I gave a football to Joly.
•You show the progress report to your mother.
•They told their problem to the teacher.
These are some important examples of basic sentence structures in the english language…