When a word, phrase, or clause complements or provides complete meaning to performed action in the sentence, such words or phrases are called as adverbial complements.
Need for adverbial complements
Just look at the following examples and you will realize the importance of use of adverbial complements in the sentence.
•His father warned her. For what ? Why?
•They appoint a team. For what ? Why ?
•Both nations are meeting in London. When ? Where? Why ? etc.
In every example, unless we provide an appropriate adverbial complements, the exact meaning of given sentence cannot be realized.
Some useful examples
•River is flowing through the vast flood plain.
•Government is considering a new law in the winter session.
•They were shouting in the forest.
Nearly, in all the examples, without adverbial complements, the meanings of action will not be completed.
Manner > Place > Time.
Sometimes, adverbial complements are placed at the beginning separated by comma.
In case of separate adverbs, adverbial complement is placed before the adverb.
•They are studying in the library now.
•They have left college just now.
Most importantly, do not get confused with subject complement and adjunct due to similarity.
To qualify as a adverbial complement, there must be a performed action with complementing words. In case of linking verb, same set of words work as the subject complement
•Certainly, they must be there in the college garden now.
•He is in the hostel
•She is a nurse in the city hospital.
Here are some useful examples of subject complement which seems like adverbial complement.
Verb complement is a verb in the form of another verb like infinitive, participle that is placed immediately after action verb to make better meaning.
•She is running to catch the train.
•He knows swimming in the dam.
In the first example, ‘to catch’ and in the second, ‘swimming’ are the verb complements.
In the next blog, I will deal with adverbs and various types.
Learning adverb clause of time