When adverbs, adverbial phrases, or clauses gives or provides complete meaning to performed action in the sentence, such adverbs, adverbial phrases, or clauses are called as adverbial complements.
Need for adverbial complements
Just look at the following examples, and you will realize the importance to use in sentence.
- His father warned her. For what?Why?
- They appoint a team. For what? Why?
- Both nations are meeting in London. When? Where? Why? Etc.
In every example, unless we provide an appropriate adverbial complement, the exact meaning of given sentence cannot be realized.
Here, you must not get confused with object complements with adverbial complement. Object complement gives information about object. It is also called adjunct. Whereas, adverbial complements give or provide complete meaning for performed action.
Simply, without performed action, the word or phrase cannot qualify as adverbial.
Some useful examples
- River is flowing through the vast flood plain. (adverbial complements)
- Government is considering a new law in the winter session. (object complements or adjunct)
- They were shouting in the forest. (adverbial )
In the above examples, I have highlighted the use of adverbial complements and object complements or adjuncts.
In case of more than two adverbial used in the single sentence, then, following sequence of adverbs are used.
Manner > Place > Time.
Let’s see some more clarity about adverbial, adjunct, and subject complements.
Most importantly, do not get confused with subject complement and adjunct due to similarity.
To qualify as a adverbial complement, there must be a performed action with complementing words.
In case of linking verb, same set of words work as the subject complement
Examples of subject complements
- They must be there in the college garden now.
- He is in the hostel
- She is a nurse in the city hospital.
Here are some useful examples of subject complement which seems like adverbial but not same.
Verb complement is a verb in the form of another verb like infinitive, participle that is placed immediately after action verb to make better meaning.
- She is running to catch the train.
- He knows swimming in the dam.
In the first example, ‘to catch’ and in the second, ‘swimming’ are the verb complements.
In the next blog, I will deal with adverb and its various types.