Adjective clause by relative pronouns and adverbs

Adjective clause is also called relative clause as it is introduced by relative pronouns and adverbs. It is a dependent subordinating clause used to add extra information to main clause. Generally, to provide descriptive information about noun, adjective clause is preferred.

Adjective clause by relative pronouns

Most used common relative pronouns to introduce adjective clause are,
Who
Whom
Which
That
Further, by adding, ever, or soever to what, who, and which, many different forms can be created. Such as,
Whosoever,
Whichever,
Whatever, etc.
Moreover, adjective clause is classified as
Restrictive adjective clause
Non-restrictive adjective clause
It is based on the information as essential or non-essential.
Whenever the restrictive clause is used, comma is generally omitted.
Whereas, comma is placed only when the clause is non-restrictive.
Sometimes, adjective clause is placed in the main clause to make better sense. In this case, it becomes broken clause.

1. Examples  restrictive, non-restrictive clause

  • The pen which you gifted me, is now lost. (broken clause with comma)
  • The lake, which we saw last time, is totally dried. (broken clauses)
  • This is the bike that we used for riding. (restrictive clause)
  • I always remember the people who helped us in need. (restrictive clause)
  • Equatorial forests, which are the storehouse of diverse species, are on the verge of degradation. (non-restrictive clause)

These are some useful examples of adjective clause begin with relative pronouns.
The same forms of relative pronouns are used to singular and plural, masculine and feminine.

Adjective clause by relative adverbs

Some common relative adverbs are:-
Where
When
Why
How
Like relative pronouns, relative adverbs do the work of adjectives in the given sentence.
Similarly, clauses introduced by relative adverbs are classified as restrictive, non-restrictive, and broken based on the given information .

Some useful examples of clauses introduced by relative adverbs:–

  • This is the place where I learned to drive. (restrictive clause)
  • I think it was Sunday, when we went for picnic. (non-restrictive clause)
  • August 15th is the day when India got freedom. (restrictive clause)
  • June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim. (broken clause)
  • Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear. (restrictive clause)
  • I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?(restrictive clause)
  • Do you know how the recipe is prepared?(restrictive clause)

All the above examples will help you to get better insight of adjective clause by relative adverbs and pronouns.

Difference between relative pronouns and adverbs

Adverb clause of cause or reason

Indian politics after independence