Understanding though although even though

Adverb clause of contrast is introduced by the subordinating conjunctions such as  though, although, and even though to express opposite or contrasting idea to the main clause. Although these conjunctions are used to express same surprising or unexpected ideas, they can be differentiated on the basis degree of surprise. So, proper understanding of though, although, and even though is utmost important.

Subordinating conjunctions for contrast :–

•Though — weaker expression of contrast,

•Although — stronger expression of contrast,

•Even though — strongest expression of contrast, used for surprising situation.

All these subordinators have more or less same meaning but difference in degree of surprise. You know that the hidden meaning of these conjunctions is “In spite of” or “despite that”.

Use in the sentence

•Although + clause of contrast + comma + main clause

•Main clause + although + clause of contrast

•Though + clause of contrast + comma + main clause

•Main clause + though + clause of contrast

•Main clause + comma + clause of contrast + comma + though

•Even though + clause of contrast + comma + main clause

•Main clause + even though + clause of contrast

Let’s see some important examples of these subordinating conjunctions of contrast.

Though

Though is used for general contrast in the sentence. It is weaker compare to others.

•He is an atheist.

•He respect religious beliefs.

•Though he is an atheist, he respects religious beliefs.

•She is a modern girl.

•She preserves cultural identities.

•Though she is a modern girl, she preserves cultural identities.

•Trees are great source of oxygen.

•People are careless about the loss of tree cover.

•Trees are great source of oxygen, people are careless about the loss of tree cover, though.

Although

‘Although’ is used for more stronger expression of contrast compare to ‘though’ but lesser to “even though”.

•There is no dearth of solar energy.

•The generation of solar power is still negligible.

•Although there is no dearth of solar energy, the generation of solar power is still negligible.

•The greatest saints always preached peace and love.

•Our civilizations are fond of war and violence.

•Our civilizations are fond of war and violence although the greatest saints always preached peace and love.

•Incidents of food waste are constantly growing.

•Our millions of people are suffering from malnutrition and hunger.

•Although our millions of people are suffering from malnutrition and hunger, incidents of food waste are constantly growing.

Even though — for strongest expression of contrast

•It was a drought resistance species.

•It failed to survive in the ongoing severity of heat wave.

•Even though it was a drought resistance species, it failed to survive in the ongoing severity of heat wave.

•He is well known short tempered man.

He remained calm and cool even after a lot of criticism.

•Even though he is well known short tempered man, he remained calm and cool even after a lot of criticism.

•The global economy is slowing down rapidly.

•Many countries are busy in imposing trade tarriffs in imported goods.

•Even though global economy is slowing down rapidly, many countries are busy in imposing trade tariffs on imported goods.

These are some useful examples of though, although, and even though. I hope these will help you to get deeper insight of clause of contrast….

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Adversative coordinating conjunctions

Adverbial complements

Subject and object complements

Understanding adjective clause

Learning adverb clause of time

Subordinating clause by when and while

Understanding conditional sentences

Explaining adverb clause of reason

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