Structure and functions of adjective clauses

Adjective clauses are also known as dependent, subordinating ,or relative clauses. So, these clauses do the work of adjectives in the given sentence. Generally, they are introduced by relative pronouns like, what, who, which, that etc. With this, relative adverbs are widely used to introduce them. Let’s see the structure and functions of adjective clauses.

Adjective clause by relative pronoun

Most used common relative pronouns are:–

•Who

•Whom

•Which

•That

Further , by adding, ever, or soever to what, who, and which, many different forms can be created. Such as, whosoever, whichever, whatever, etc.

Adjective clause is classified as restrictive and non-restrictive, based on the information as essential or non-essential.

Whenever the restrictive clause is used, comma is generally omitted. Whereas, comma is placed only when the clause is non-restrictive.

Sometimes, adjective clause is placed in the main clause to make better sense. In this case, it becomes broken clause.

For more clarity, here are some simple examples of restrictive, non-restrictive, and broken clauses:—

•The pen which you gifted me, is now lost. (broken clause with comma)

•The lake, which we saw last time, is totally dried. (broken clauses)

•This is the bike that we used for riding. (restrictive clause)

•I always remember the people who helped us in need. (restrictive clause)

•Equatorial forests, which are the storehouse of diverse species, are on the verge of degradation. (non-restrictive clause)

•I saw a sensitive person who was serving selflessly for poor people. (restrictive clause)

•He is the man whose pocket was lost. (restrictive )

•You know the farmer whom we helped. (restrictive)

•There are a lot of animals which suffer from water scarcity in summer. (restrictive)

•This is the bat that we purchased for tournament.(restrictive)

These are some useful examples of adjective clause begin with relative pronouns.

The same forms of relative pronouns are used to singular and plural, masculine and feminine.

Adjective clause by relative adverbs

Some common relative adverbs are:-

•Where

•When

•Why

•How

Like relative pronouns, relative adverbs do the work of adjectives in the given sentence.

Similarly, clauses introduced by relative adverbs are classified as restrictive ,non-restrictive, and broken based on the given information .

Let’s see some useful examples of clauses introduced by relative adverbs:–

•This is the place where I learned to drive.(restrictive clause)

•I think it was Sunday, when we went for picnic.(non-restrictive clause)

•August 15th is the day when India got freedom.(restrictive clause)

•June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim.(broken clause)

•Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.(restrictive clause)

•Equatorial region, where rainfall is heavy, is the difficult place to live.(broken clause)

•The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.(restrictive clause)

•I think there must be some problem why she refused to go.(restrictive clause)

•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?(restrictive clause)

•Do you know how the recipe is prepared?(restrictive clause)

•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?(restrictive clause)

For those who are working to master advanced grammar, this content is so vital.

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