“Great winds and storms may upset the ponds but not an ocean” it was the response of Chinese president Xi Jinpig to the US tariffs. It highlight that the Chinese leadership will not give in to the US tariffs pressure. Instead, they are sure to come out of ongoing trade war without bargaining. What make China so capable to fight against the superpower ? Undoubtedly, it is the outcome of seven decades efforts under the visionary, strong, and disciplinied leadership. In this blog,” Role of political leadership in rising China” You will learn why the political analysts attribute China’s success to the successive leaders.
Republic China before Mao Zedong
It was the era of oppression and exploitation under the warlords, landlords, and colonial powers. At that time, central authority was absent and territory was divided among various feudals along colonial powers.The nuxes between colonial powers and feudal were instrumental for systematic exploitation. No authority was there to liberate the people from the agony and torture. It was really the darkest era of Chinese history.
Rise of Mao Zedong
Mao is one of the most respected, as well as controversial figure in the Chinese history. He is often criticized for his policies of “Great leap forward” and “Cultural revolution” by his opponents. Whereas, his followers appreciate his role in unification of China under single rule.
Great leap forward and cultural revolution never been called a success due to the degree of loss and casualties. Nevertheless, Mao’s contribution in the modernization and unification of China made him as the father of modern China.
Deng Xiaoping architect of economic might
He was the successor of Mao and belongs to the second generation leadership of CCP.
Unlike Mao, Deng is known for his unique economic policies. He was the pioneer of “Socialist Market Economy” which made China economic superpower eventually.
With his succession, Chinese witnessed complete economic transformation with sustainable growth. In this way, he successfully initiated the right blend of socialistic ideology with free enterprises. Through this move, it uplifted more than 600 millions out of poverty.
One child policy
Apart from this, one child policy was introduced in place of earlier two child. The rationale behind the step wasn’t only to control the population but rather to develop economically productive human resources. Truly, it was instrumental in reaping demographic dividend with gender equality. Today, in China, female participation in workforce is ascribed to the efforts of Deng.
Today, China is known as the “Factory of World”. It could become possible only because of the Free enterprises, Foreign Direct Investment, open market economy, and business friendly atmosphere. The fate of China would have different if they had failed to implement such reforms at right time. It was the China which absorbed the surplus capital of developed nations without competition. That’s why Deng Xiaoping is labeled as the architect of Chinese economic might.
Xi Jinpig technological transformer of China
In the last five years, China saw unprecedented grown in the development of technology. Now, China is heading to become the technological superpower in the world. It is spending equal to US on the research and development of technology. It is investing around 300 billion dollars every year. In the areas of green renewable energy, it is the leader among leading nations. In terms of education,it has ranked in the leading educational destinations. Xi Jinpig wants to make China the technological and intellectual superpower in the world.
In this way, “Rise of China” is the outcome of contribution of successive leaders in the last seven decades. Mao laid the foundation of modern China, whereas, Deng Xiaoping powered the stagnated Chinese economy. Xi Jinpig is trying hard to transform Chinese society with better education and make China technological giant at the global stage.