Relative adverbs

Relative adverbs are type of adverbs used to introduce information that relates to the time, place, reason, etc. in the sentence.

Examples:–Where, When, Why, How.

•This is the place where I learned to drive

•I think it was Sunday, when we went for picnic.

•August 15th is the day when India got freedom.

•June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim.

•Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.

•Equatorial region, where rainfall is heavy, is the difficult place to live.

•The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.

•I think there must be some problem why she refused to go.

•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?

•Do you know how the recipe is prepared ?

•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?

These adverbs looks like interrogative adverbs but do the work of relating two clauses–Main and dependent clause.

•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?

•Do you know how the recipe is prepared ?

•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?

•Nobody knows how weight is reduced ?

•You are unaware about the reason why he is absent.

Clauses introduced by these adverbs are generally called “Adjective clauses” as they work like adjectives in the given sentence. In the following examples, clauses introduced by these adverbs play the role of adjectives clauses.

•August 15th is the day when India got freedom.

•Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.

•The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.

There are various types of relative adverbs such as, where, when, why, and how. These are used to join two clauses by relating to a noun as we call it antecedents.

•This is the place where I learned to drive

•The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.

•In these examples, nouns place and Sevagram Ashram are related by where relative adverbs.

Relative adverbs are also used to introduce two types of clauses — restrictive and non-restrictive clauses.

•Restrictive relative clauses means adding essential information to the antecedents; whereas, non-restrictive relative clauses means adding mere extra information.

In case of restrictive relative clauses, these clauses give us extra essential information about identified noun as antecedents.

•This is the place where I learned to drive.

•August 15th is the day when India got freedom.

•Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.

•The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.

•I think there must be some problem why she refused to go.

•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?

•Do you know how the recipe is prepared ?

•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?

Though relative adverbs looks like interrogative adverbs, but do the work of relating two clauses.

•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?

•Do you know how the recipe is prepared ?

•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?

•Nobody knows how weight is reduced ?

•You are unaware about the reason why he is absent.

However, non-restrictive clauses are not used to give essential information but only additional information with comma. These  are only applicable to time and place.

•I think it was Sunday, when we went for picnic.

•Equatorial region, where rainfall is heavy, is the difficult place to live.

•June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim.

In these examples, clauses introduced by where and when do not add essential information. Hence, all are non-restrictive clauses.

So, these adverbs have great importance in the sentence construction. It is one of the most effective means to enrich content with natural flow.

Explanation of cumulative conjunction

Provided that and on condition that

As soon as conjunction of time

Use of not only & but also as conjunction.

Adverbial complements

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