Relative adverbs and relative clauses

Relative adverbs are certain types of adverbs used to introduce relative clauses. They add extra information relating time, place, reason, etc. in the main clause of sentence. Role of antecedents is very vital in the functioning of relative adverbs and relative clauses.

Examples of relative adverbs and relative clauses

  1. Where,
  2. When,
  3. Why,
  4. How

Here are some useful examples of relative clauses introduced by relative adverbs.

  • This is the place where I learned to drive
  • I think it was Sunday, when we went for picnic.
  • August 15th is the day when India got freedom.
  • June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim.
  • Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.
  • Equatorial region, where rainfall is heavy, is the difficult place to live.
  • The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.
  • I think there must be some problem why she refused to go.
  • I don’t know the reason why he is upset?
  • Do you know how the recipe is prepared?
  • Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered?
These adverbs looks like interrogative adverbs but do the work of relating two clauses – Main and dependent clause.
  • I don’t know the reason why he is upset?
  • Do you know how the recipe is prepared?
  • Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered?
  • Nobody knows how weight is reduced?
  • You are unaware about the reason why he is absent

Relative clauses and adjective clauses

Clauses introduced by these adverbs are generally called “Adjective clauses” as they work like adjectives in the given sentence.

In the following examples, clauses introduced by these adverbs play the role of adjectives clauses.

  • August 15th is the day when India got freedom.
  • Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.
  • The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.

I) Where, when, why, and how are used to join two clauses by relating antecedents

  1. This is the place where I learned to drive
  2. The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.
  3. In these examples, nouns place and Sevagram Ashram are related by where relative adverbs.

II) Relative adverbs-restrictive and non-restrictive clauses.

Restrictive relative clauses means adding essential information to the antecedents; whereas, non-restrictive relative clauses means adding mere extra information.

In case of restrictive relative clauses, these clauses give us extra essential information about identified noun as antecedents.

  • This is the place where I learned to drive.
  • August 15th is the day when India got freedom.
  • Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.
  • The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.
  • I think there must be some problem why she refused to go.
  • I don’t know the reason why he is upset?
  • Do you know how the recipe is prepared?
  • Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered?

Though relative adverbs looks like interrogative adverbs, but do the work of relating two clauses. By reading all these, you can understand the functioning of relative adverbs and relative clauses in the sentence.

Difference between noun and adjective clause

As soon as conjunction of time

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTkyAZY15L6UOEUl3y85XYw