Regional difference is a common feature that is naturally designed by nature not to create conflicts but for cooperation and unity. So is true about economic development as no single region is omnipotent to power the pace of progress on its own. Hence, movement of resources across regions is the most conspicuous feature in the today’s globalizing world. However, when human intervention crosses its limit, the difference becomes disparity and migration turns into exodus. “Regional disparity and migration” is an attempt to understand the causes of inequitable development in India.
What is migration ?
Migration is a voluntary geographical movement of workable people in search of better opportunities across regions. It is a common feature of rapidly globalizing world. Generally, well qualified people of poor countries leave theirs regions in search of promised future in the advanced nations. At the same time, it is widely noticed among different regions in the same nation as well.
What does regional disparity mean ?
Regional disparity is the impact of inequitable development among regions of same nation despite adequate natural resources. Actually, it is the product of faulty governmental policies and partiality by narrow minded regional politics. Such inequitable development paves the way for huge migration and series of conflicts. In India, it is the common phenomenon in the recent decades.
Why the inter-state migration is gaining media coverage ?
Recently, sudden outbreak of coronavirus pandemic forced government of India to adopt the containment policies Like lockdowns, suspension of public transportation, and ban on any type of people’s movement across nation. This panicked the migrated labours and suddenly decided to return by any means. Afterwards, the magnitude of inter-state and intra-state migration became clear when the exodus of panicked workers defied the government’s order to reach native place. This highlights the India’s true reality of regional disparity and inequitable development. So far, slogans like inclusive growth and regional development remained on the policy paper.
What is the purpose of democratic regime ?
It is true that fruits of development should be distributed among all stakeholders. But, how is it justifiable that to receive a fruit, one needs to travel hundreds of miles by leaving everything behind. We know that democracy emphasises on the equitable in situ development. It means that everyone should have right to say something in the process of theirs own interests.
What is the true state of inter-state and intra-state migration ?
Today, in India, fertile agricultural regions are devoid of employment opportunities, whereas, handful urban conglomerations seems more promising. Northern gangetic fertile plain which is the habitat of vast majority of population is unable to absorb the booming numbers in the traditional agriculture. Consequently, these exodus are constantly migrating towards industrial centre’s of Maharashtra and southern states. As per the statistics, around 450 millions people migrate in India. And, out of this, around 13 percent migration is Inter-srate; whereas, other is intra-state. It manifests that opportunities for personal development are not adequate at the local level and in the coming future, it may escalate further.
Bottolnecks in equitable economic development
We know that almost half of the population is still depend on the vagries of monsoon and unreliable agriculture. Therefore, these numbers have only seasonal employment without quality and they have to remain unemployed in the rest of the year. Second, government’s are still not serious on the population control policies and for the vote bank politics that love to cling family planning. Third, in India, food processing in under utilized sector which have greater demand and employment generating capacity. Finally, structural change in the rural areas have hardly witnessed in the last seven decades.
Unless the policy makers value the role of manufacturing production by masses inplace of mass production by handful monopolistic firms, we cannot realize the dream of equitable business ecology and quality of life in the oldest civilization of the world in the near future.