Good governance is a broad mechanism to accommodate every stakeholders in the process of inclusiveness, in terms of decision making and implementation. Simply, good governance means governing together to realize collective well-being. Here, I’m going to explain the basic principles of good governance for better insight of this issue.
Principles are truth ridden normative rules designed to shape the activity, process or behaviour in order to realize something. In this regard, World Bank is credited for designing the key basic principles of good governance in the interest of people of the world. So, let’s see the basic principles of good governance one by one..
To reduce the degree of chaos and confusion, government or governing agencies need to be more responsive, as well as flexible to deal with unpredictable or predictable changes in the society. By doing so, they gain the trust of people in making difficult decisions.
It is all about the decisions taken by government should be in the light of public attention. It means that the decision making and implementation should be in the open atmosphere to make public as witness.
Being the guardians of public exchaquer, it is the duty of public officials to maintain and give an account of expenditure and income to the exchaquer on demand of public or when necessary. In this way, they can ensure that the public resources are properly used in the interest of people only.
Consistency in government decisions in time and place is utmost important to infuse the sense of predictability in public. It helps to empower people to plan in future accordingly without uncertainty. It is also essential to create business friendly environment to attract investment.
•Equity and fairness
It is wisely said that development without equity and justice is equal to death recipe for democracy. Hence, impartial policies and all inclusive development is indispensable to realize peaceful and just society.
The ultimate meaning of good governance is governing together for all. Accordingly, without participation of public in the process of decision making and implementation, the idea of good governance will be incomplete. And, public participation cannot be restricted mere to cast only vote, but they should be empowered to voice theirs opinions to shape decisions.
•Adherence to law
Any decision taken by the government should be in the ambit of constitution or based on the rule of law. It is important to ensure proper checks and balances in case of misuses.
These are some important principles designed to realize the idea of good governance in the interest of people.