Outline of subordinating conjunctions

In English language, there are two types of conjunctions. One is coordinating, whereas other is subordinating conjunctions.In this blog, you will get a better outline of subordinating conjunctions.

As per the rule, coordinating conjunctions are used to join two independent clauses to make a compound sentence.Two or more independent or main clauses are used to form compound sentences.

In the previous blogs, I have already explained about the coordinating conjunctions.In this blog,  “Subordinating conjunctions” my intention is to provide an overview about the adverbial subordinating conjunctions.

Adverbial conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions are also called “Adverbial Conjunctions” as such conjunctions play the role of adverbs in the given sentence.

Generally, these are used with dependent clause to join with main clause. So, theirs position may be in the middle of sentence or at the beginning.

Role in the sentence

Coordinating conjunctions are used to join two independent ideas in a single sentence, whereas subordinating conjunctions are important to add an ‘aspect’ to the statement.

By introducing subordinating conjunctions, we can enrich the content of sentences.

Subordinating clauses

Conjunctions are the major determinant of clauses. If we begin a sentence with subordinate conjunction, then it becomes automatically a subordinating clause. It is also applicable to the coordinating conjunctions as well. Hence, the classification of conjunctions are also useful to clauses.

Types of subordinating clauses

However, not all subordinating clause are adverbials. Apart from adverbial clauses, subordinating clauses include, “Relative clauses, as well as “Nominal that clauses.”In this way, subordinating clauses incorporate adverbial, relative, and nominal that clauses.

Complex and compound sentences

The structure of Complex sentence includes one main clause and one or more subordinating clauses. It doesn’t matter whether they are adverbial, relative, or nominal that clause.

On the other hand, in the compound sentence, two or more coordinating clauses are used. The mix of complex and compound sentences results in the “mixed sentence.”

Types of subordinating conjunctions

In the English language, there are eight major types of subordinating conjunctions except relative and nominal that. All the types I have explained here for your understanding.The following classification is based on the meaning of adverbial conjunctions.

1.Time conjunction

•After •Before •Since

•While •Until •As •Till

•As long as •So long as.

2.Conjunctions of purpose

•In order that

•So that •Least •That

3.Conjunctions of cause

•As •Since


4.Conjunctions of condition

•On condition

•Unless •Supposing

•Whether •As •If

•Provided that

5.Conjunctions of results

•So.. That

6.Conjunctions of comparison

•As… as •No less than •As much as

7.Conjunctions of contrast


•Though •Notwithstanding •Even if

•Even though •Whatever •Whichever

8.Conjunctions of manner

•As •So far as

•According as •As if

These are major eight types of subordinating adverbial conjunctions with sub-firms. In the upcoming blog, I will give you a detailed explanation of each of the types with workable easy examples.

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