Functions of preposition

Prepositions are essential to express the relationship of any noun or pronoun to the rest of the sentence. So, the role and functions of preposition depends on the placement of prepositional phrases in the given sentence.

Like other parts of speech, prepositions are also classified in various forms as per the requirement of expression.

Meaning of preposition

It is a grammatical term used to express relationship of a noun or pronoun with the rest of the sentence.

•For example, on the table, in the sky, across the river, with a hammer, in the garden, etc.

•This relationship of noun or pronoun with preposition is called “object of preposition.”

Types of prepositions

Like other parts of speech, prepositions are also classified in the various types based on the functions performed in the sentence.

•For knowledge, types of prepositions are like, preposition of time, place, direction, instrument, connection, etc. In the next blog, I will deal with the types in detailed manner.

Prepositional phrase and adverbial complements

•Prepositional phrase is formed with the object and it functions like adverbials if it is placed after main verbs.

•For example, he is swimming in the river. Here, “in the river” is the prepositional phrase functions like adverbial complement as it is placed immediately after action verb.

Object complement

But if the prepositional phrase is placed after the direct object, then it is called the “object complement.”

•She kicked the ball in the ground. In this example, “in the ground” is prepositional phrase placed immediately after the direct object. Therefore, it functions like object complement.

Adjective complement

If the prepositional phrase is placed immediately after the predictive adjective to complete the intended meaning,  then the preposition, there, functions as a complement of adjective in the given sentence.

•For example,  In the exam, he was totally confused with the nature of questions.

In this example, “with the nature of questions” are used to modify “confused.” Thus, it functions like adjective complement.

Finally, let’s see some useful examples of use of prepositions:-

•He goes to swim in the morning.

•Don’t worry, today, we have fruits and eggs for breakfast.

•So far, she never saw any snake. Therefore, she always gets afraid of snakes.

•The dog jumped on the table.

•I always write with fountain pen .

•His habits to run in the morning, is appreciable.

In the next blog, I will explain about the types of prepositions with examples.

Subject and object complements

Adverbial complements

Use of adverbs

Basics of direct and indirect speech

Direct and Indirect speech

Conjunctions for alternative choices

Understanding no sooner than