Relative pronoun and adverbs are vital connectors which used to join two relative clauses. These relative pronouns and adverbs relate antecedents in the form of time, place, reason, things, persons, etc. In this blog, I am going to simply the exact difference between relative pronouns and adverbs for effective use.
•Which, that, who, what are common relative pronouns used to relates antecedents to join two clauses.
•Compound forms of relative pronouns can be created by adding ever, soever, etc. For example, whosoever, whatever, whichever etc.
•Relative pronouns relates person, things, and animals.
•Relative pronouns are used to introduce adjective subordinating clauses.
•Restrictive and non-restrictive form of clauses can be introduced by the relative pronouns.
•Relative pronouns cannot be changed as per the number, gender of the relating antecedents.
•When, where, why, how, are some vital relative adverbs used to relate antecedents to join two relating clauses.
•Like, relative pronouns, relative adverbs have also compound forms such as, whenever, wherever etc.
•Relative adverbs are used to introduce adjective subordinating clause as they relate antecedents more specifically.
•Relative adverbs, similar to relative pronouns, introduce restrictive and non-restrictive form of clause.
•Both relates antecedents
•They are used to introduce adjective subordinating clauses.
•Compound forms of both possible in the same manner.
•Restrictive and non-restrictive forms are common
•Comma is used in the both forms in case of non-restrictive clause.
•Relative pronouns are used to relate the antecedents in the form of person, things, and animals in the main clause; whereas, relative adverbs are used to relate antecedents in the form of time, place, and reason.
•This is the only noticeable difference between relative pronoun and adverbs.
Examples of relative pronouns in the sentence.
•I always remember the people who helped us in need. (for person- nominative case)
•I saw a sensitive person who was serving selflessly for poor people. (for person)
•He is the man whose pocket was lost. (for person- possessive case)
•You know the farmer whom we helped. (for person – objective case)
•There are a lot of animals which suffer from water scarcity in summer. (for animals)
•The pen which you gifted me, is now lost. (for thing – broken clause)
•The lake, which we saw last time, is totally dried. (for thing – non-restrictive)
•This is the bike that we used for riding. (for thing)
•This is the bat that we purchased for tournament.(for thing)
•Equatorial forests, which are the storehouse of diverse species, are on the verge of degradation. (for thing – non-restrictive)
•He is the man who was complaining. (subject -nominative)
•He is the man whose pocket was lost. (possessive)
•He is the man whom we saw begging. (objective form)
Examples of relative adverbs in the sentence.
•This is the place where I learned to drive.(place as antecedents)
•I think it was Sunday when we went for picnic.(time)
•August 15th is the day when India got freedom.(time)
•June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim.(time non-restrictive)
•Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear.(place)
•Equatorial region, where rainfall is heavy, is the difficult place to live.(place non-restrictive)
•The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place.(place)
•I think there must be some problem why she refused to go.(reason)
•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?(reason)
•Do you know how the recipe is prepared?(reason)
•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?(manner)
These adverbs looks like interrogative adverbs but do the work of relating two clauses–Main and dependent clause.
•I don’t know the reason why he is upset ?
•Do you know how the recipe is prepared?
•Can you teach me the method how swimming is mastered ?
•Nobody knows how weight is reduced ?
•You are unaware about the reason why he is absent.