Difference between noun and adjective clause

Noun clause is a type of subordinate clause which does the work of a noun; whereas, adjective clause is used as a adjective to modify noun and adjective in the sentence. Both are dependent, subordinating clauses, but play the different roles in the sentence. So, let’s know the difference between noun and adjective clause.

Types of clauses

  1. Finite clauses
  2. Main clause or independent
  3. Subordinating or depending
  4. Coordinating or also called independent
  5. Non-finite clause or infinitive clause
  6. Definingclause
  7. Non-defining clause

Subordinating or dependent clauses are further divided on the basis of of role played in the sentence,

  1. Noun clause
  2. Adjective clause
  3. Adverb clause

In this blog, you will learn about two important clauses and theirs differences. They are are noun and adjective clauses.

Difference between noun and adjective clause

  1. Noun clause is introduced by conjunctive wordslike- that, how, what, where, etc.
  2. On the other hand, adjective clause is introduced with relative pronouns and adverbs like — which, who, that, when, where, how, why, etc.
  3. Noun clause is used as the noun in the sentence; whereas, adjective clause plays the role of adjective.
  4. Comma isn’t essential before noun clause, but in the non-restrictive adjective clause, comma is used.
  5. In the noun clause, antecedent isn’t required, but in the adjective clause, without antecedents, clause hardly make sense.
  6. Adjective clause is also called relative clause, as it is introduced by relative pronouns and adverbs.

Similarities between noun and adjective clauses

  • Both noun and adjective clauses are subordinating, dependent clauses.
  • They cannot make complete sense without main clause.
  • Subordinating clauses are used to form complexand mixed sentences.

1. Examples of Noun clause

  • I do not know how he solved the problem.
  • She announces that she is not going to support our proposal.
  • I thought that he might help us.
  • Can you tell me when the delayed train will arrive ?
  • I know that he is innocent.
  • Wherever we decide to go is fine for everyone.

2. Noun clause as a subject

  • Why he is so late is yet to be known.
  • What she planned was great surprise for us.
  • Wherever we went to visit was memorable.
  • Which goal is pursued is yet to be decided.
  • Whoever aspires to join should declare immediately.
  • That they are in trouble was completely unknown to me.

3. Noun clause as an object

  • I don’t know when we are going to leave.
  • Everyone knows that this is big game for us.
  • She is so weak in math. she will pay whomever you ask to teach $200 per month.

4. Noun clause as object of infinitive

  • Don’t wait. We have to purchase whatever is left.
  • I want to learn how they assembles so quickly.

5. Noun clause as object of preposition

  • It is true that your success in this exam depends on how you prepare in the last month.
  • Be aware about what you have learned so far.

6. Subject complement

  • My advice is that you should keep patience in crisis.
  • Antarctica is where everyone wants to go once in life.
  • Magician is who shows miracle.

7. As an adjective complement

  • I am impressed that that you started a NGO.

Adjective clause

1. Adjective clause by relative pronouns

  • The pen which you gifted me, is now lost. (broken clause with comma)
  • The lake, which we saw last time, is totally dried. (broken clauses)
  • This is the bike that we used for riding. (restrictive clause)
  • I always remember the people who helped us in need. (restrictive clause)
  • Equatorial forests, which are the storehouse of diverse species, are on the verge of degradation. (non-restrictive clause)
  • I saw a sensitive person who was serving selflessly for poor people. (restrictive clause)
  • He is the man whose pocket was lost. (restrictive)
  • You know the farmer whom we helped. (restrictive)

2. Adjective clause by relative adverbs

  • This is the place where I learned to drive. (restrictive clause)
  • I think it was Sunday, when we went for picnic. (non-restrictive clause)
  • August 15th is the day when India got freedom. (restrictive clause)
  • June, when monsoon arrives, is the best month to swim. (broken clause)
  • Antarctica where temperature is too low is the best place for polar bear. (restrictive clause)
  • Equatorial region, where rainfall is heavy, is the difficult place to live.(broken clause)
  • The Sevagram Ashram where Mahatma Gandhi lived is a very inspirational place. (restrictive clause)
  • I think there must be some problem why she refused to go. (restrictive clause)

I hope, this blog will enrich your knowledge about similarity and difference between noun and adjective  clauses.

As soon as conjunction of time

Difference between relative pronouns and adverbs