Correct use of subject complement

Subject complements are the word, phrase, or clause used to either describe or identify the subject of the sentence by the linking verbs. Subject complements make qualifying word more informative and meaningful. So, let’s see functions and correct use of subject complement for better sense.

Meaning and functions of subject complements

Grammatically, subject complements compromises noun, pronoun, adjective used to describe subject of the sentence. Besides, noun clause is also used as a subject complement.

1. Examples of subject complements

  • He is a cricket player. (phrase)
  • Tiger is very powerful.
  • She is a singer.
  • She is very intelligent. (adjective phrase)
  • The dog is in the garden.
  • They are in front of my house.
  • Bobby is in the classroom.
  • The bat is ours. (pronouns)
  • Singers are who sing the songs. (clause)
  • Players are who play the game.
  • Canada is where we want to go in holiday.

2. Predictive nouns as subject complements to identify subject

  • Smith is a cricket player.
  • Corsica is an island.
  • Himalaya is a mountain
  • Amazon is a river.
  • Sahara is a desert.
  • Singapore is a port nation.
  • Sri Lanka is an island nation.

3. Predictive adjective as subject complements to describe subject

  • Pacific Ocean is very vast.
  • Tree is circular and green.
  • Road is zigzag.
  • Gorge is so deep.
  • River is perennial.
  • Godavari River is seasonal.
  • He is short tempered.
  • He looks very upset.
  • She seems uncomfortable.

Prepositional phrase to identify location of subject

  • The bird is in the cage.
  • The bike is in the parking.
  • Motor is on the bridge.
  • The bird is over the car.
  1. Pronouns and noun clauses as subject complements

Moreover, pronouns, as well as noun clause is also used as a subject complement to describe and identify the subject of given sentence.

  • Singers are who sing the songs.
  • Players are who play the game.
  • Canada is where we want to go for holiday.

Generally, simple present and past tense are commonly used to indicate the use of subject complement. These are the main functions of subject complements.

As well as cumulative conjunction

Functions of preposition