Correct use of however and nevertheless

“However and nevertheless” are adversative conjunctions, as well as conjunctive adverbs. Obviously, both have multiple functions and roles. Compare to “nevertheless”  however is less formal. So, let’s begin to know the correct use of however and nevertheless in any expressions. 

Definition and meaning of however and nevertheless 

These words are usually used to introduce the contrasting or contradicting idea to the main clause. So, theirs hidden meaning is “in spite of or despite that” but, the real purpose of “however” is different from nevertheless.

Pre-conditions for use of however and nevertheless  

•There should be two independent clauses. 

•Both clauses should include subject and predicate. 

•Both should be related not depend on  with each other in the contrasting manner. 

•Fullstop is essential when these words are used as the conjunctive adverbs. 

•Semicolon is placed in the compound sentence.

Use of however 

•Hidden meaning — in spite of or despite that. 

•Used as a transition between two sentences in the form of conjunctive adverbs. 

•Used to join two independent clauses separated by semicolon. 

•Used to introduce contrast or contradiction, but negative contrast. 

•It means that “however” is used to describe the negative expectations or surprise to the first clause. 

Examples of however 

•Students studied hard to clear the exam. 

•The exam was postponed 

•Students studied hard to clear the exam; however, the exam was postponed. (used as a adversative conjunctions)

•He spent a lot of money to visit many nations.

•He couldn’t get the satisfaction he desperately needed.

•He spent a lot of money to visit many nations; however, he couldn’t get the satisfaction he desperately needed.

•The global pandemic is spreading like wildfire everywhere. 

•Most of the nations are not serious about precautionary  measures. 

•The global pandemic is spreading like wildfire everywhere; however, most of the nations are not serious about precautionary  measures. 

•He is so greedy. 

•He donated food for poor children. 

•He is so greedy. However, he donated food for poor children. (conjunctive adverbs for transition between two sentences) 

•I know he was more enthusiastic about study tour. 

•He remained absent.

•I know he was more enthusiastic about study tour. However, he remained absent.(conjunctive adverbs for transition between two sentences) 

In all the above examples, “however” is used to introduce negative contrast to earlier stated statement. 

Nevertheles- adversative  conjunction and adverbs 

•Nevertheless is used to indicate surprise positive  contrast to earlier stated statement.

•It is more formal and emphatic compare to “however”.

•It is also used as a conjunctive adverb with independent clause.

Nevertheless is different from “whereas” and “but” as well. 

It has a special domain of use. Whenever, you think they there is something surprising in the next statement in relation to previous, “nevertheless” is used.

Let’s see some examples:-

•It was too hot last year.

•We didn’t purchase AC. 

•It was too hot last year. Nevertheless, we didn’t purchase AC.

•He was an average student. 

•He has become a successful writer. 

•He was an average student; nevertheless, he has become a successful writer. 

•He has cramp in his leg. 

•He has completed his century.

•He has cramp in his leg; nevertheless, he has completed his century.

Nevertheless can be used with the beginning, in the middle, with comma or semicolon as a conjunction and conjunctive adverb.

Functions of preposition

Adverbial complements

Adversative coordinating conjunctions

Conjunctions for alternative choices

How to form compound sentence

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCTkyAZY15L6UOEUl3y85XYw