Once the Prime Minister of India said that the country’s poor should have the first right over the resources of nation and theirs upliftment is the priority of state. It points out that the fruits of development are still out of ambit of the poor. So far, successive governments have let them down on the issue of development.That is why, the disillusioned tribals fell for the temptation of Maoists and became the powerful weapon for the advancement of theirs interests. Here, this is my genuine attempt to explore the causes of naxalism in tribal regions..
Tribal resentment and role of governmental agencies
Plight of tribals isn’t a hidden thing. We do not cover it up, nor justify our attempts to uplift them but to accept the reality of being ignored and discriminated. The headings of newspapers highlighting grave incidents of malnutrition, shocking child mortality are enough to show the present reality.
The state of education is more promising on paper instead ground. Literacy is well below the national average. Means of communication and transportation are nothing more than seasonal.
Eco-tourism and outsiders penetration in tribal heartland
Outsiders are pumping a lot of money to build hotels and guest houses to milk opportunities of eco-tourism. Undoubtedly, they are washing theirs hands in the boom of eco-tourism, leaving tribals as a witness. Lot of money are being made through the tourism industry. On the other hand, tribals are fighting for theirs survival.
Development and displacement and tribal agitations
The geographical distribution of tribal is mainly in the area of hills, plateaus and forests which are rich reservoirs of iron, bauxite and mica. Since many decades, on the name of development, they are facing displacement from their own homeland. Recent demonstrations and tribal agitations against the MNCs in the areas of Odisha, West Bengal and other parts proves this claim. Without ensuring the equal participation in the developmetal processes, the inclusive growth is mere myth.
Disposession of land and forest rights
Tribals aren’t responsible for loss of biodiversity nor for pollution but the rampant urbanization, deforestation and industrialization.Tribals cannot be a scapegoat for others mistakes.Unfortunately, they are being discriminated to entertain others. As we know that, environmental legislations are taking heavy tolls in the form of tribal rights in land and forests. Finally, infuriated tribals to fight against oppression, they inclined towards the outside sympathizers.
Capital of Sympathy by Maoists for safe heaven
State should blame itself for the Maoists penetration in the tribal heartlands. There is a type of symbiotic relationship between the tribals and Maoists. One need a medium to express theirs grivences, whereas other want a vehicle to advance theirs interests.
In this way, by systematicly invoking the plight of tribals, Maoists become successful in making tribal heartland their’s safe heaven.
Plight of tribals and agenda of Maoists
It is the backwardness of tribal regions,that helped Maoists to enter in the ecologically and culturally sensitive zone. Hence, government is facing huge difficulty in the developmental processes in the form of violence, commited by Maoists.
Now the issue revolues around the epicenter of development. As per the governments point of view, they are ready to recorrect their’s mistakes but the Maoists wants to make it permanent. But ultimately, tribals are going to pay the price.
Both are responsible to victimize tribals. Maoists used them as a vehicle by invoking them against system to advance theirs interests, whereas, all successive governments either ignored or discriminated over 100 millions to entertain others.
Moreover, the burden of proof is on the tribals to prove theirs innocence in the loss of biodiversity and tigers. Once a wise man rightly said that democracy itself will not give you anything, it is the duty of citizens to safeguard theirs own rights.
In India, development is yet to reach at the last in the queue. Here, whom to blame- channel or destination.