There are two major types of conjunctions in the English grammar. One is co-ordinating conjunctions and other is subordinating. Co-ordinating conjunctions are used to form compound sentences, whereas other subordinating conjunctions are used to form complex sentences. Both are also used to join two words, phrases or any parts of sentence. In this blog, you will learn about adversative coordinating conjunctions.
Adversative conjunctions are often used to express or indicate contrast or opposite meaning between two statements. Generally, adversative coordinating conjunctions are used to join two independent clauses to form compound sentence. It has many forms such as-
- But, •Yet, •Still,
- Whereas, •Nevertheless, •while.
In the previous blog, I have explained about the use of “But” and “Yet” in detail. In this blog, I am going to explain Whereas, While, and Nevertheless in detail so that you could use more effectively. First of all let’s see the rules of “Whereas”
Whereas- adversative coordinating conjunctions
It is used to show contrasts or contradictions to previous sentence. And, “whereas” is often used with the beginning of subordinating clause. But, it is also used to before coordinating clause.
Comma is placed before “whereas” when it placed in the middle of the sentence but before subordinating clause. Key importance of “whereas” is to indicate difference between two similar things.
For clear understanding, here are some modal examples:-
- Equatorial climate is hot and humid; whereas Siberian is cold and dry.
- Nile river is the longest, whereas Amazon is largest in volume.
- Savanna is known for tall grasses, whereas Equatorial region for lofty trees.
- In Hindu religion, people worship many Gods; whereas in Islam and Christian monotheism is practiced.
- In the LDCs the percentage of young population is higher, whereas in the developed countries, aging population scores more.
These are some useful examples for your help. Now, I will focus on “Nevertheless”
Nevertheless- adversative coordinating conjunction
Nevertheless is used to indicate surprise contrast to earlier stated statement. It is more formal and emphatic compare to “however”.
Nevertheless is different from “whereas” and “but”.
It has a special domain of use. Whenever, you think they there is something surprising in the next statement in relation to previous, “nevertheless” is used.
Let’s see some examples:-
- It was too hot last year. Nevertheless, we didn’t purchase AC.
- The level of carbon dioxide is on the rise, nevertheless the coal consumption is continuously growing.
- He was an average student, nevertheless he has become a successful writer.
- The farmers’ suicides are rising, nevertheless farmers are not willing to choose other option.
- He has cramp in his leg, nevertheless he has completed century.
Nevertheless can be used with the beginning, in the middle, with comma or semicolon.
No doubt, this is very important part of grammar, and hope, you will lake better out of it.